The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJob 24:11
[Which] make oil within their walls…
Not the poor within
their own walls; as if the sense was, that they made their oil in a
private manner within the walls of their houses, or in their cellars,
lest it should be known and taken away from them; for such cannot be
thought to have had oliveyards to make oil of; rather within the walls
of their rich masters, where they were kept closely confined to their
work, as if in a prison; or within the walls and fences of their
oliveyards, where their olive presses stood; or best of all "within the
rows F17 [of] their [olive trees]", as the word signifies, where having
gathered the olives, they pressed out the oil in the presses and this
they did at noon, in the heat of the day, as the word F18 for making
oil is observed by some to signify, and yet had nothing given them to
quench their thirst, as follows:
[and] tread [their] winepresses, and suffer thirst;
gathered their grapes from their vines for them, they trod them in the
winepresses, and made their wine, and yet would not allow them to
drink of it to allay their thirst.
F17 (Mtrwv Nyb) "inter ordines", Mercerus, Piscator, Cocceius; so
Sephorno, and some in Eliae Tishbi, p. 241.
F18 (wryhuy) "meridiati sunt", V. L. so Bolducius, Schultens.