The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJob 30:1
But now [they that are] younger than I have me in derision,
&c.] Meaning not his three friends, who were men in years, and were
not, at least all of them, younger than he, see (Job 15:10) (32:6,7) ; nor
were they of such a mean extraction, and such low-lived creatures, and
of such characters as here described; with such Job would never have
held a correspondence in the time of his prosperity; both they and
their fathers, in all appearance, were both great and good; but these
were a set of profligate and abandoned wretches, who, as soon as Job's
troubles came upon him, derided him, mocked and jeered at him, both by
words and gestures; and which they might do even before his three
friends came to him, and during their seven days' silence with him, and
while this debate was carrying on between them, encouraged unto it by
their behaviour towards him; to be derided by any is disagreeable to
flesh and blood, though it is the common lot of good men, especially in
poor and afflicted circumstances, and to be bore patiently; but to be
so used by junior and inferior persons is an aggravation of it; as Job
was, even by young children, as was also the prophet Elisha,
(2 Kings 2:23) ; see (Job 19:18) ;
whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my
either to have compared them with the dogs that kept his flock
from the wolves, having some good qualities in them which they had not;
for what more loving or faithful to their masters, or more vigilant and
watchful of their affairs? or to set them at meat with the dogs of his
flock; they were unworthy of it, though they would have been glad of
the food his dogs ate of, they living better than they, whose meat were
mallows and juniper roots, (Job 30:4) ; and would have jumped at it; as
the prodigal in want and famine, as those men were, would fain have
filled his belly with husks that swine did eat; but as no man gave them
to him, so Job disdained to give the meat of his dogs to such as those;
or to set them "over" F13 the dogs of his flock, to be the keepers of
them, to be at the head of his dogs, and to have the command of them;
see the phrase in (2 Samuel 3:8) ; or else to join them with his dogs, to keep
his flock with them; they were such worthless faithless wretches, that
they were not to be trusted with the care of his flock along with his
dogs. It was usual in ancient times, as well as in ours, for dogs to be
made use of in keeping flocks of sheep from beasts of prey, as appears
from Orpheus F14, Homer F15, Theocritus F16, and other writers: and if
the fathers of those that derided Job were such mean, base, worthless
creatures, what must their sons be, inferior to them in age and honour,
if any degree of honour belonged to them?
F13 (yblk Me) "super canes", Noldius, p. 739. No. 1825.
F14 De Lapidibus, Hypoth. ver. 53, 54.
F15 Iliad. 10. (wv kunev peri mhla) … v. 183. & Iliad 12. v. 303.
F16 (c' amin esti kuwn filopoimniov) … Idyll. 5. v. 106. & Idyll.
6. v. 9, 10.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 30:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=job&chapter=030&verse=001>. 1999.