The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJohn 4:8
For his disciples were gone away…
This is related, not
so much to give a reason why Christ asked the woman for water,
because his disciples were not present, to minister to him; but
rather to show, that Christ took the opportunity, in their absence,
to converse with her; partly to avoid the scandal and offence they
might take, at his conversation with her, being a Samaritan; as it
appears to have been astonishing to them, when they found him
talking with her, (John 4:27) . And partly, that he might not put the
woman to shame and blushing before them all; he chooses to tell her
of the sins of her former life, in a private way. The disciples were
unto the city:
to the city Sychar, which was hard by; and their
business there, was
to buy meat:
for though it is said, in the following verse, that the
Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans; yet this is not to be
understood in the strictest sense; for they had dealings with them
in some respects, as will be seen hereafter; particularly their
food, eatables, and drinkables, were lawful to be bought of them,
and used: it is said by R. Juda bar Pazi, in the name of R. Ame F7,
``a roasted egg of the Cuthites (or Samaritans), lo, this is
lawful: says R. Jacob bar Acha, in the name of R. Lazar,
the boiled victuals of the Cuthites (Samaritans), lo,
these are free; this he says concerning boiled food,
because it is not their custom to put wine and vinegar
for these were forbidden: hence it is often said F8, that
``the unleavened bread of the Cuthites (or Samaritans), is
lawful, and that a man is allowed the use of it at the
And there was a time when their wine was lawful; for one of their
canons runs thus F9;
``he that buys wine of the Cuthites (Samaritans), says, the
two logs that I shall separate, lo, they are first fruits,
It is indeed said in one place, R. Eliezer F11
``that, he that eats the bread of the Cuthites (or
Samaritans), is as if he eat flesh; to when (who reported
this) says (R. Akiba) be silent, I will not tell you what
R. Eliezer thinks concerning it.''
Upon which the commentators serve F12, that this is not to be
understood strictly; cause he that eats bread of the Samaritans,
does deserve stripes according to the law, but according to the
constitutions of the wise men; but these, Christ and his disciples
had no regard to.
F7 T. Hieros. Avoda Zara, fol. 44. 4.
F8 T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 10. 1. & Cholin, fol. 4. 1. & Kiddushin, fol.
F9 Misn. Demai, c. 7. sect. 4. Vid. Bartenora in ib.
F11 Misna Sheviith, c. 8. sect. 10. Pirke Eliezer, c. 38.
F12 Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. ib.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on John 4:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=004&verse=008>. 1999.