The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJohn 11:44
And he that was dead came forth…
That is, he who had
been dead, being now made alive, and raised up, and set on his feet,
came out of the cave:
bound hand and foot with grave clothes;
not that his hands were
bound together, and much less his hands and feet together, with any
bands or lists of cloth; but his whole body, as Nonnus expresses it,
was bound with grave clothes from head to foot, according to the
manner of the eastern countries, Jews, Egyptians, and others, who
used to wrap up their dead in many folds of linen cloth, as infants
are wrapped in swaddling bands: and their manner was to let down
their arms and hands close by their sides, and wind up altogether
from head to foot: so that there was another miracle besides that of
raising him from the dead; that in such a situation, in which he
could have no natural use of his hands and feet, he should rise up,
stand on his feet, walk, and come forth thus bound, out of the cave:
and his face was bound about with a napkin;
the use of which was not
only to tie up the chin and jaws, but to hide the grim and ghastly
looks of a dead corpse; and one of the same price and value was used
by rich and poor: for it is said F13,
``the wise men introduced a custom of using (rdwo) , "a napkin",
(the very word here used, which Nonnus says is Syriac,) of
the same value, not exceeding a penny, that he might not
be ashamed who had not one so good as another; and they
cover the faces of the dead, that they might not shame the
poor, whose faces were black with famine.''
For it seems F14,
``formerly they used to uncover the faces of the rich, and
cover the faces of the poor, because their faces were black
through want, and the poor were ashamed; wherefore they
ordered, that they should cover the faces of all, for the
honour of the poor.''
Jesus saith unto them;
to the servants that stood by:
loose him, and let him go;
unwind the linen rolls about him, and set
his hands and feet at liberty, and let him go to his own house.
F13 Maimon. Hilchot Ebel, c. 4. sect. 1,
F14 T. Bab. Moed Katon, fol. 27. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 11:44". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=011&verse=044>. 1999.