The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJohn 10:34
Jesus answered them, is it not written in your law…
the law which was given unto them, of which they boasted, and
pretended to understand, and interpret, even in (Psalms 82:6) ; for the
law includes not only the Pentateuch, but all the books of the Old
Testament: it is an observation of one of the Jewish doctors F20,
``with the wise men of blessed memory, it is found in many
places that the word law comprehends the Prophets and the
Among which last stands the book of Psalms; and this may be
confirmed by a passage out of the Talmud F21; it is asked,
``from whence does the resurrection of the dead appear,
(hrwth Nm) , "out of the law?"''
It is answered,
``as it is said in (Psalms 84:4) : "Blessed are they that dwell in
thy house, they will still praise thee, Selah; they do
praise thee", it is not said, but "they will praise thee";
from hence is a proof of the resurrection of the dead,
"out of the law".''
The same question is again put, and then (Isaiah 52:8) is cited, and the
like observation made upon it. Moreover, this is a way of speaking
used by the Jews, when they introduce another citing a passage of
Scripture thus F23, (Mktrwtb bytk alh) , "is it not written in your
law", (Deuteronomy 4:9) , "only take heed to thyself"… so here the
I said, ye are gods?
which is spoken to civil magistrates, so
called, because of their authority and power; and because they do,
in some sort, represent the divine majesty, in the government of
nations and kingdoms. Many of the Jewish writers, by "gods",
understand "the angels". The Targum paraphrases the words thus:
``I said ye are accounted as angels, as the angels on high,
all of you;''
and to this sense some of their commentators interpret it. Jarchi's
gloss is, ye are gods; that is, angels; for when I gave the law to
you, it was on this account, that the angel of death might not any
more rule over you: the note of Aben Ezra is, "and the children of
the Most High": as angels; and the sense is, your soul is as the
soul of angels: hence the F24 Jew charges Christ with seeking refuge
in words, that will not profit, or be any help to him, when he cites
these words, showing that magistrates are called gods, when the
sense is only, that they are like to the angels in respect of their
souls: but let it be observed, that it is not said, "ye are as
gods", as in (Genesis 3:5) , but "ye are gods"; not like unto them only,
but are in some sense gods; and besides, to say that they are like
to angels, with respect to their souls, which come from above, is
to say no more of the judges of the earth, than what may be said of
every man: to which may be added, that this objector himself owns,
that judges are called (Myhla) , "gods", as in (Exodus 22:9) ; the cause of
both parties shall come before (Myhla) , "the judges"; and that even
the word is used in this sense in this very psalm, from whence these
words are cited, (Psalms 82:1) , "he judgeth among" (Myhla) , "the gods";
and both Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret this text itself in the
same way, and observe, that judges are called gods, when they judge
truly and aright: all which is sufficient to justify our Lord in the
citation of this passage, and the use he makes of it.
F20 R. Azarias in Meor Enayim, c. 7. fol. 47. 1.
F21 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 91. 2.
F23 T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 32. 2.
F24 R. Isaac Chizzuk Emuna, par. 2. c. 51. p. 440, 441.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 10:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=010&verse=034>. 1999.