The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJohn 5:17
But Jesus answered them…
Being convened before them,
and charged by them with the violation of the sabbath, he vindicated
himself in the following manner, saying;
my Father worketh hitherto:
he who is my Father, not by creation, or
adoption, but by nature, though he ended all his work on the seventh
day, and rested from what he had done; yet he did not cease from
working at all, but has continued to work ever since, on sabbath days,
as well as on other days; in upholding and governing the world, in
continuing the species of beings, and all creatures in their being; in
providing for them, and in dispensing the bounties of his providence to
them; in causing his sun to shine, and showers of rain to descend on
the earth; and in taking care of, and protecting even the meanest of
his creatures: and much more men; and still more his own people:
and I work;
or "also I work"; as the Syriac and Arabic version
reads; i.e. in conjunction with him, as a co-efficient cause in the
works of providence, in the government of the world, in upholding
all things in it, in bearing up the pillars of the earth, in holding
things together, and sustaining all creatures: or I also work in
imitation of him, in doing good both to the bodies and souls of men
on the sabbath day, being the Lord of it: I do but what my Father
does, and therefore, as he is not to be blamed for his works on that
day, as none will say he is, no more am I. So Philo the Jew says
``God never ceases to work; but as it is the property of
fire to burn, and of snow to cool, so of God to work.''
And what most men call fortune, he calls the divine Logos, or word,
to whom he ascribes all the affairs of providence F3.
F2 Leg. Ailegor. l. 1. p. 41.
F3 Quod Deus sit Immutab. p. 318.