The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJohn 7:42
Hath not the Scripture said…
These objectors were
those who were accounted the more wise and knowing; who were
conversant with the Scriptures, and pretended at least to a large
knowledge of them:
that Christ cometh out of the seed of David;
that he should be a rod
out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots; that he
should be one out of David's loins, and of the fruit of his body,
referring to (Isaiah 11:1) (Psalms 132:11,17) , which was very true, and what
was commonly known, and expected among the Jews, that the Messiah
should be David's son, as Jesus of Nazareth was, (Acts 13:23) ;
and out of the town of Bethlehem where David was?
where his parents
lived, and he was born; and, according to Jerom F11, he was buried
here. The account he gives of this city, where he himself for some
``is Bethlehem, the city of David, in the lot of the tribe
of Judah, in which our Lord and Saviour was born, is six
miles from Aelia, (i.e. Jerusalem) to the south, by the
way which leads to Hebron, where also is showed the
sepulchre of Jesse and David.''
In which may be observed likewise the exact distance of this place
from Jerusalem; which, according to Josephus F12, at least as he is
generally understood, was but twenty furlongs: and, according to
Justin F13, thirty five: but that this is the true distance, is
clear from the old Jerusalem Itinerary F14, and which agrees with
Jerom about the sepulchre of David; for not far from it is the
monument of Ezekiel, Asaph, Job, Jesse, David, and Solomon: however,
it is certain that David was born here, and therefore it is called
his city; and from hence the Messiah was to come; and here Jesus,
the true Messiah, was born, and which the Jews themselves own;
(See Gill on 2:1),
(See Gill on 2:4); and in vain it is for them to expect
the Messiah from thence, where none of their nation live, nor have
lived, for many hundreds of years; being particularly forbid by
Adrian, after he had subdued them, living in or near Jerusalem, and
also Bethlehem. Tertullian F15 refers to this when he thus argues
with them, and very justly, and strongly;
``if he is not yet born, who, it is said, shall come forth a
ruler out of Bethlehem, of the tribe of Judah, he must
come (says he) out of the tribe of Judah and from
Bethlehem; but we now observe, that no one of the stock of
Israel remains in Bethlehem, because it is forbidden that
anyone of the Jews should continue on the border of that
country--how shall the governor be born in Judea, come
forth from Bethlehem, as the divine books of the Prophets
declare, when there is none of Israel left there at this
day, of whose lineage Christ can be born?--how shall he
come out of Bethlehem, when there is none in Bethlehem of
the stock of Israel?''
And the passage they had in view, is (Micah 5:2) . Now these very things
they object to Jesus being the Messiah, were what were fulfilled in
him, and proved him to be the person; for his supposed father, and
real mother Mary, were of the house and lineage of David; and though
he was conceived at Nazareth, and brought up there, yet by a
remarkable providence, which brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem,
he was born there, (Luke 2:4-7) .
F11 De locis Hebraicis, fol. 89. E.
F12 Antiqu. l. 7. c. 12. sect. 4.
F13 Apolog. 2. p. 75.
F14 In Reland. Palestina illustrata, l. 2. c. 4. p. 416. Vid. c. 9. p.
445. & l. 3. p. 645.
F15 Adv. Judaeos, c. 13. p. 224, 225.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 7:42". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=joh&chapter=007&verse=042>. 1999.