The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJoshua 19:6
And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen…
Whether the first is the
same with Lebaoth, a city of Judah, (Joshua 15:32) ; and with the
Bethleptepha of Josephus F2, and the Betholene of Pliny F3, is not
certain: in this place secret to have been an idol temple of the
Canaanites, dedicated to lions, as in Egypt there was a city called
Leontopolis, from whence was the Leontopolitan nome, the inhabitants of
which worshipped lions F4; and the Egyptians had temples dedicated to
them, as Aelianus F5 relates. Both these places are thought to be the
same with Bethbirei and Shaaraim in (1 Chronicles 4:31) ; of the latter of which
see (Joshua 15:36) . Those who take Sheba, (Joshua 19:2) , to be the same
with Shema, (Joshua 15:26) , make but one city here, and take away the
last, as the Greek version does, and render the word "and their
fields", and so the number still is as follows:
thirteen cities and their villages;
the sum total of those enumerated
F2 De Jud. Bell. l. 4. c. 8. sect. 1.
F3 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 14.
F4 Strabo. Geograph. l. 17. p. 559.
F5 De Animal. l. 12. c. 7.