The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleJudges 4:3
And the children of Israel cried unto the Lord…
their hard bondage, and begged deliverance from it, being brought to a
sense of their sins, and humbled for them:
for he had nine hundred chariots of iron;
the same with the (armata)
(to drepanhfora) , chariots which carried scythes at the side of them,
fastened to the orbs of the wheels F24, and were on both sides; and in
some stood out ten cubits F25 which running furiously among the
infantry, cut them to pieces in a terrible manner; of which Cyrus had
in his army at first but an hundred, afterwards increased to three
hundred F26; and yet here a petty prince of Canaan had nine hundred of
them; and which Josephus F1 has increased, beyond all belief, to the
number of three thousand; which struck great terror into the
Israelites, and who therefore durst not attempt to shake off his yoke,
but cried to the Lord for help:
and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel;
increased their sins, and repeated their revolts, the Lord increased
their oppressions, and continued them the longer; the first was only
eight years, the next eighteen, and this twenty, and which was a very
heavy one; the other being foreign princes that oppressed them, but
this a Canaanitish king, an implacable enemy, and who doubtless used
them the more severely for what they had done to his ancestors, killed
his father or grandfather, burnt the city of Hazor, and destroyed the
inhabitants of it in Joshua's time; and the servitude was the harder,
and the more intolerable to the Israelites, that they were under a
people whose land had been given them to possess, and whom they had
expelled, and now were become subject to them.
F24 Vid. Suidam in voce (drepanhfora) .
F25 Curtius, l. 4. c. 9, 12, 15. Liv. Hist. l. 37. c. 41.
F26 Xenophon. Cyropaedia, l. 6. c. 13.
F1 Antiqu. l. 5. c. 5. sect. 1.