The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLamentations 2:4
He hath bent his bow like an enemy…
God sometimes appears
as if he was an enemy to his people, when he is not, by his conduct and
behaviour; by the dispensations of his providence they take him to be
so, as Job did, (Job 16:9,10,13,14) ; he bends his bow, or treads it,
for the bending or stretching the bow was done by the foot; and as the
``and threw his arrows at me:''
he stood with his right hand as an adversary;
with arrows in it, to put
into his bow or with his sword drawn, as an adversary does. The Targum
``he stood at the right hand of Nebuchadnezzar and helped him,
when he distressed his people Israel:''
and slew all [that were] pleasant to the eye;
princes and priests,
husbands and wives, parents and children, young men and maids;
desirable to their friends and relations, and to the commonwealth:
in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion he poured out his fury like
that is, either in the temple, or in the city of Jerusalem, or
both, which were burnt with fire, as the effect of divine wrath and
fury; and which itself is comparable to fire; like a burning lamp of
fire, as the Targum; or rather like a burning furnace or mountain; see
(Nahum 1:6) .