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The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible

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Lamentations 4:21

Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom
The land of Idumea, and the inhabitants of it, who did indeed rejoice at the destruction of Jerusalem, (Obadiah 1:12) ; and here, in an ironic manner, are bid to go on with their mirth, if they could, like the young man in (Ecclesiastes 11:9) , as Aben Ezra observes; for it would not last long, their note would soon be changed: that dwellest in the land of Uz;
not the country of Job, which had its name from Uz the son of Nahor, (Job 1:1) (Genesis 22:21) ; but a country in Idumea, from whence the whole was so called, and that from Uz the son of Dishan, one of the sons of Seir: or else the sense is, that Edom or Idumea, and the inhabitants of it, dwelt upon the borders of Uz; and so agrees very well with the place of Job's residence, which was near the land of Edom. The Targum, according to R. Elias F15, is,

``rejoice, O wicked Rome;''
but, in the king of Spain's Bible, it is,
``rejoice and be glad, O Constantine (that is, Constantinople), the city of wicked Edom, which art built in the land of Armenia;''
and Jarchi says that Jeremiah prophesies concerning the destruction of the second temple, which the Romans destroyed; but in other copies, and according to Lyra, his words are, Jeremiah here prophesies concerning the destruction of the Roman empire, because that destroyed the temple; and it is usual with him, and other Rabbins, to interpret Edom of Rome; the cup also shall pass through unto thee;
the cup of God's wrath and vengeance; which, as it had come to the Jews, and was passing from one nation to another, in its turn would come to these Edomites; see (Jeremiah 25:15,21) ; thou shall be drunken, and shall make thyself naked;
be overcome by it; as persons with wine, or any strong drink, reel to and fro, and fall; and be utterly destroyed, lie helpless and without strength: "and be made naked" F16, as it may be rendered; stripped of their riches and wealth; or they should strip themselves of their clothes, and behave indecently, and expose those parts which ought to be covered, as drunken persons the sense is, they should be exposed, or expose themselves, to shame and contempt. The Septuagint version is, "and thou shalt be drunken, and pour out" F17; that is, vomit, as drunken men do; and so Jarchi and Abendana interpret the word of vomiting; and the Targum is,
``and thou shalt be emptied.''


F15 In Tishbi, p. 227.
F16 (yrettw) "nudaberis", V. L.
F17 (kai apoceeiv) , Sept. "et eris vomens", Pagninus, Vatablus.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Lamentations 4:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <>. 1999.


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