And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons, the priests…
And this is all that he did with it; he left it with the priest, who
carried it to the altar, to the southwest horn of it F2: the order of
bringing it, according to Maimonides F3, was this,
``a man brings fine flour from his house in baskets of silver
or of gold or of other kind of metals, in a vessel fit to be
a ministering vessel; and if it is a meat offering of fine
flour, he puts it into a ministering vessel, and sanctifies
it in a ministering vessel;''
then did what follows:
and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of
the oil thereof;
as mixed together: the Jews say F4, this was done
with the right hand, which is very likely, that being generally used in
this way: the Talmudists thus describe the manner in which the handful
was taken; the priest stretched out his three fingers over the palm of
his hand, and gathered the handful in the plate or pan, and parted it
off with his thumb above, and with his little finger below; and this
was the most difficult piece of service in the sanctuary F5: though
Maimonides F6 rejects this notion of difficulty, and says it was done
in the common way, in which men take up a handful of anything: but
Bartenora says F7, it was not in the usual way, but much as before
described: the priest put the sides of his fingers into the flour, and
gathered the flour with the sides of his fingers within his hand, and
took of the flour only three fingers' full, upon the palm of his hand,
and no more; and that it might not be heaped or go out, he pared it
off, above with his thumb, and below with his little finger; and this
he affirms, according to the Gemara, and what his masters had taught
him, was one of the hardest pieces of service in the sanctuary:
with all the frankincense thereof;
this was not taken along with
the handful of flour and oil; for if there was ever so small a quantity
of frankincense in the handful it was not right F8; for the
frankincense, when brought, was put on one side of the fine flour, and
when the handful was taken, then that was taken altogether, and put
and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar:
is, he was to burn the handful of fine flour and oil with the
frankincense, as a "memorial"; either to put the Lord in mind of his
lovingkindness to his people, and of his covenant with them, and
promises unto them, to which the allusion is, (Psalms 20:3) or to put
the offerer in mind of the great sacrifice of Christ, who was to be
offered for his sins, and to be a meat offering to him: this was the
part the Lord had in this offering, and which related to his worship,
as the word used sometimes signifies, as De Dieu has observed:
[to be] an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord;
(See Gill on 1:9).
F2 T. Bab. Sotah, ib. & Meaachot, fol. 8. 2.
F3 Hilchot Maaseh Hakorbanot, c. 13. sect. 12.
F4 Misn. Menachot, c. 1. sect. 2.
F5 T. Bab. Menachot, fol. 11. 1.
F6 In Misn. Menachot, ib.
F7 In ib.
F8 Misn. ib. & Jarchi in loc.