The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 11:10
And all that have not fins nor scales in the seas, and in
Such as eels, lampreys, &c.
of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which [is]
in the waters;
the former of these are interpreted by Aben Ezra and
Ben Gersom of little fishes that have but a small body, and such as are
created out of the waters; and the latter, of such as are produced of a
male and female; or, as Maimonides F18 explains it, the one signifies
the lesser creatures, such as worms and horse leeches; the other
greater ones, sea beasts, as sea dogs…
they shall be an abomination to you;
not only unclean, and so unfit
to eat, but to be had in abhorrence and detestation, as being exceeding
disagreeable and unwholesome; and, as a learned man observes F19, to
these prohibited in general belong all those animals in lakes, rivers,
or seas, which are of a slow motion, and which, because of the slow
motion of their bodies, do not so well digest their food; and for that
may be compared with four footed beasts that have but one belly, and so
unwholesome as they.
F18 Hilchot Maacolot Asuret, l. 1. c. 2. sect. 12.
F19 Scheuchzer. ut supra, (Physic. Sacr. vol. 2.) p. 287.