The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 17:13
And whatsoever man [there be] of the children of Israel, or of
the strangers that sojourn among you…
This form of speaking, which
is often used in this chapter, is still observed to point out the
persons on whom the law is obligatory, Israelites and proselytes of
which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten;
is, clean beasts and fowls, such as by a former law are observed; and
this excepts unclean ones, as Jarchi, but includes all clean ones,
whether wild or tame, that may be taken and killed though not taken in
hunting; but such are particularly mentioned, because not only hunting
beasts and fowl were common, but because such persons were more rustic
and brutish and, being hungry, were in haste for their food, and not so
careful about the slaying of the creatures, and of, taking care about
he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust;
it might not be eaten by men, nor licked up by beasts and that there
might be kept up a reverend esteem of blood, being the life of the
creature; and this covering of it, as Maimonides F12 tells us, was
accompanied with a benediction in this form,
``Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, the King of the world, who
hath sanctified us by his precepts, and hath given
commandment to us concerning covering of the blood:''
and the same writer elsewhere F13 gives us another reason of this law,
that the Israelites might not meet and feast about the blood, as the
Zabians did, who, when they slew a beast, took its blood and put it
into a vessel, or into a hole dug by them, and sat and feasted around
it: see (Leviticus 19:26) .
F12 Hilchot Shechitah, c. 4. sect. 1.
F13 Moreh Nevochim, p. 3. c. 46.