The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 20:2
Again thou shalt say to the children of Israel…
of the people by their elders, and the heads of their tribes; for the
following laws were binding on them all:
whosoever [he be] of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that
sojourn in Israel;
everyone of the people of Israel, of whatsoever
age, sex, or condition of life: and not they only, but the strangers
and proselytes; and not the proselytes of righteousness only, but the
proselytes of the gate, who, as well as the others, were to shun
idolatry, and other impieties and immoralities after mentioned:
that giveth [any] of his seed unto Molech;
which Aben Ezra interprets
of lying with an idolatrous woman, or a worshipper of Molech, the
abomination or idol of the Ammonites, (1 Kings 11:7) ; of which see
(Leviticus 18:21) ; but more than that is here intended, or even than causing
their seed or offspring to pass through the fire to Molech, as in the
place referred to; more is meant by it than a lustration of them, or a
dedicating them to Molech, by delivering them to his priests to lead
them between two fires for that purpose, but even the sacrificing of
them to him; and so the Targum of Jonathan seems to understand it,
``that makes (or sacrifices) of his seed Molech to be burnt
in the fire:''
for that the Phoenicians or Canaanites, whose customs the Israelites
were in danger of imitating, and therefore cautioned against, did
sacrifice human creatures, and these the dearest to them, even their
beloved and only begotten children, to Saturn, is certain, as Porphyry
F25 and Eusebius F26 affirm, or to Hercules, as Pliny F1, and both the
same with Molech, or the sun:
he shall surely be put to death;
by the hand of the civil magistrate,
which death was to be by stoning, as follows:
the people of the land shall stone him with stones:
that is, the people
of the house of Israel, as both the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan;
such as lived in that part of the country where the idolater lived, and
where he committed the sin, or was condemned for it; of the manner of
stoning, (See Gill on 7:58).
F25 De Abstinent. l. 2. c. 56.
F26 De laudibus Constantin. c. 13. p. 646. Vid. Suidam in voce
F1 Nat. Hist. l. 36. c. 5.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 20:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=le&chapter=020&verse=002>. 1999.