The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 26:1
Ye shall have no idols, or graven image…
Some of the
Jewish writers, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra, think this law against
idolatry is mentioned on account of the Israelite sold to a stranger,
spoken of in the latter part of the preceding chapter, lest he should
be drawn into idolatry; (See Gill on 25:48); but this is rather
mentioned as being a principal law, respecting the honour and glory of
God, and the foundation of all religion and godliness, and the breach
of it a capital crime, and which led on to other sins, and exposed to
the displeasure and resentment of God, and brought on all the
calamities after mentioned in this chapter. "Idols" here signify
"things of nought", as an idol is nothing in the world, (1 Corinthians 8:4) ; and a
"graven image", any likeness of man or beast cut out of wood, or stone;
and may include any molten image of gold, silver, or brass, and then
engraven with a tool, as the golden calf was, (Exodus 32:4) :
neither rear you up a standing image;
or pillar F7; an heap of rude
stones, set up pillar, not bearing the likeness of any creature;
otherwise graven and molten images were standing ones, but these were
statues without any figure; such as the Arabians used to worship; the
god Mars, worshipped in Arabia Petraea, was no other than a black stone
four square, unformed, four feet high, and two broad, and was placed on
a basis of gold F8;
neither shall ye set up [any] image of stone in your land, to bow down
any "figured stone", as the Targum and Aben Ezra interpret it,
which had figures and representations of creatures cut in it, in order
to bow down unto and worship: the word has the signification of
covering, as they cover a floor with a pavement of stones:
for I [am] the Lord your God;
who is the alone object of religious
worship and adoration.
F7 (hbum) (sthlhn) Sept. "titulos", V. L. "titulum", Samar. Ar.
F8 "Suidas in voce" (yeuv arhv) Vid. Arnob. adv. Gentes, l. 6. p. 232.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Leviticus 26:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=le&chapter=026&verse=001>. 1999.