The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLeviticus 26:37
And they shall fall one upon another…
In their hurry and
confusion, everyone making all the haste he can to escape the
imaginary danger; or "a man upon his brother" F26; his friend, as Aben
Ezra interprets it, having no regard to relation and friendship, every
one endeavouring to save himself. There is another sense which some
Jewish writers F1 give of this phrase, and is observed by Jarchi,
which is, that everyone shall fall for the iniquities of his brother;
for all the Israelites say, they are sureties for one another; but the
former sense is best:
as it were before a sword, when none pursueth:
as if a sword was drawn
and brandished at them, just ready to be thrust in them, filling them
with the utmost dread and terror, and yet at the same time none in
pursuit of them:
and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies;
no heart to
resist them, no strength nor spirit to oppose them, and defend
themselves but be obliged to surrender their cities, themselves, their
families and goods, into the hand of the enemy.
F26 (wyxab vya) "vir in fratrem suum", Vatablus, Drusius, Piscator.
F1 Torat Cohanim apud Yalkut, par. 1. fol. 197. 2.