The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 1:23
And it came to pass, that as soon as the days of his
In the order of the course, which might be three,
four, five, or six days, according to the number of the heads of the
house of their fathers in the course; (See Gill on 1:5)
for though he was deaf and dumb, he was not hereby
disqualified for service. Deafness and dumbness excused persons from
various duties F19 but did not disqualify priests: a Levite, if he
had lost his voice, was disqualified, but not a priest; F20 the reason
was this, because it was one part of the work of the Levites to
sing, and therefore could not perform it without a voice; but such
was the work of the priests, that though deaf and dumb, they could
discharge it; as cleansing the altar, trimming the lamps, carrying
the parts to the altar, laying them upon it, and burning them, or
offering any sacrifice, burning incense… which was the business
of Zacharias; which when he had fulfilled, he departed to his own
house; which was not at Jerusalem, but in the hill country, in a
city of Judah there; see (Luke 1:39,40) .
F19 Misn. Trumot, c. 1. sect. 1, 2. Chagiga, c. 1. sect. 1.
F20 Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Cholin, c. 1. sect. 6.