The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 3:19
But Herod the tetrarch being reproved by him…
John, as the Syriac, Arabic, and Persic versions add:
for Herodias his brother Philip's wife;
for taking her to wife, whilst
his brother Philip was living. The account, which the Jewish
chronologer F24 gives, of this Herod, and of this fact of his, and
John's reproving him for it, and the consequence of it, perfectly
agrees with this of the evangelist.
``Herod Antipater, and there are some that call him, (yqrjyj)
"the tetrarch", was a son of Herod the first, and brother
of Archelaus'; and he was the third king of the family of
Herod; and he was very wicked, and a destroying man: many
of the wise men of Israel he slew with the sword; and he
took the wife of his brother Philip, whilst he was alive,
to himself for wife; and John, the high priest, because
(wxykwh) , "he reproved him" for this, he slew him with the
sword, with many of the wise men of Israel.''
And John reproved him not only for this sin, but others:
and for all the evils which Herod had done;
debaucheries, murders… all which John, in great faithfulness, and
with much freedom, told him and rebuked him for: for Herod had had a
particular respect for him, and often had him with him, and heard him
gladly, when John had an opportunity of speaking personally to him.
F24 Ganz. Tzemach David, par, 1. fol. 25. 2.