The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 14:1
And it came to pass…
The Persic version adds, "on a
certain day"; and it is afterwards said to be the sabbath day. This
seems to have been somewhere or other in Galilee; see (Luke 17:11) .
As he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees;
rather, one of the rulers, and of the sect of the Pharisees: and he
might be either a ruler of a synagogue, or a member of one of the
lesser or greater sanhedrim; such another as Nicodemus, who was of
the Pharisees, and a ruler of the Jews, (John 3:1) for that there
was any distinction among the Pharisees as a sect, does not appear:
to this man's house Christ went, after he came out of the synagogue,
being invited by him;
to eat bread on the sabbath day.
The sabbath day was a
feasting day with the Jews, in which they made very large and
magnificent entertainments, for the honour of the sabbath; and he was
reckoned the most praiseworthy, that exceeded this way; and no doubt,
since this man was a Pharisee, one that was tenacious of the
traditions of the elders, and was also a ruler, his table was well
spread: the rules concerning this part of keeping the sabbath, are
``what is this delight? the wise men say, a man ought to
prepare abundance of food and spiced liquids, for the
sabbath, all according to a man's substance; and whoever
multiplies in the expenses of the sabbath, and in
preparing food, much and good, lo, he is praiseworthy;
and if he is not able, though he only prepares boiled
food, and such like, on account of the glory of the
sabbath, lo, this is the delight of the sabbath: and he
is not obliged to straiten himself, nor to ask of
others, to increase the food of the sabbath: the ancient
wise men said, make thy sabbath a common day, and do not
make thyself necessitous to men; he who is delicate and
rich, and lo, all his days are as a sabbath day, ought
to have food on a sabbath day, different from that on a
weekday; and if it is not possible to change, let him
alter the time of eating; if he had been used to have it
soon, let him have it late; and if late, let him have it
sooner: a man is obliged to eat three meals, or feasts,
on a sabbath day; one in the evening, and one in the
morning, and one at the time of the meat offering; and
he ought to take heed to those three feasts, that he
does not diminish them at all; and even a poor man that
is maintained by alms, must keep the three feasts.''
And this last canon, or rule, is of the utmost importance with them;
for they F8 say,
``whoever keeps the three feasts on the sabbath day, shall
be delivered from three punishments, from the sorrows of
the Messiah, from the judgment of hell, and from the war
of Gog and Magog.''
That they watched him;
that is, those that sat down to meat with
him, the lawyers and Pharisees: and it is very probable, that it was
not out of pure respect to him, that he was asked to eat meat at
this ruler's house; but with a design to observe whatever might be
said, or done by him, they could take any advantage from, against
F7 Maimon. Hilchot Sabbat, c. 30. sect. 7, 8, 9.
F8 T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 118. 1. Kimchi in Isa. lviii. 13.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=014&verse=001>. 1999.