The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 17:8
And will not rather say to him…
Or, "will he not say
to him?" it is very likely, it is more agreeable to the language of a
master, and the condition of a servant, that he should say to him,
make ready wherewith I may sup:
by dressing the food, spreading
the table, and putting the food on it; for it was the business of
servants to prepare, as at the passover, (See Gill on 26:17)
so at ordinary suppers:
and gird thyself and serve me;
by giving him drink, or whatsoever
he called for: and as they used to wear long garments in those
countries, servants girded them up about their loins, that they might
be fit for service, expedite in it, and perform it more readily, and
with greater ease and dispatch:
till I have eaten and drunken;
finished his meal:
and afterward thou shalt eat and drink:
the, Persic and Ethiopic
versions read in the imperative, "then eat thou and drink". If he was
an Hebrew servant, he ate and drank the same as his master did: for
so one of the Jewish canons runs F24;
``every Hebrew servant, or handmaid, their master is obliged
to make them equal to himself "in food and in drink", in
clothing, and in dwelling, as it is said, (Deuteronomy 15:16)
"because he is well with thee": wherefore, thou shalt not
eat fine bread, and he eat coarse bread, nor drink old
wine and he drink new wine…''
And even a Canaanitish servant was to be provided with proper food
and drink: they say indeed F25,
``it is lawful to cause a Canaanitish servant to serve with
rigour: but though the law is such, the property of mercy,
and the ways of wisdom are, that a man should be merciful,
and not make his yoke heavy on his servant, nor oppress
him; but cause him to "eat and drink" of all sorts of food
and drink; and the former wise men used to give their
servants of all sorts of food that they themselves ate of;''
which was using them as they did their Hebrew servants: yea, it is
``and they gave their beasts, and their servants, food,
before they ate their own meal;''
but this was not commonly done: it does not appear to have been the
practice in Christ's time; nor was it necessary.
F24 Maimon. Hilch. Abadim, c. 1. sect. 9. Vid. T. Bab. Kiddushin,
fol. 22. 1.
F25 Maimon. ib. c. 9. sect. 8.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=017&verse=008>. 1999.