The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 19:41
And when he was come near, he beheld city…
Jerusalem; being now nearer, and in a situation to take a full view
of it, he lift up his eyes, and looking wistfully on it, and beholding
the grandeur and magnificence of it, the number of the houses, and
the stately structures in it, and knowing what calamities, in a few
years, would come upon it; with which being affected, as man, he
looked upon it,
and wept over it;
touched with a tender concern for it, his
natural passions moved, and tears fell plentifully from his eyes.
This must be understood of Christ merely as man, and is a proof of
the truth of his human nature, which had all the natural properties,
and even the infirmities of it; and as affected with the temporal
ruin of Jerusalem, and as concerned for its temporal welfare; and is
not to be improved either against his proper deity, or the doctrines
of distinguishing grace, relating to the spiritual and eternal
salvation of God's elect; things that are foreign from the sense of
this passage: some ancient Christians, and orthodox too, thinking
that this was not so agreeable to Christ, but reflected some weakness
and dishonour upon him, expunged this clause concerning his weeping;
but we have another instance besides this; see (John 11:35) and
even the Jews themselves cannot think this to be unsuitable to the
Messiah, when they represent the Shekinah, and God himself weeping
over the destruction of the temple F16; and it is particularly F17
said by them of the Messiah, that he shall weep over the wicked among
the Jews, according to (Isaiah 53:5) and they encourage persons to
mourn over Jerusalem: they say F18 whoever does any business on the
ninth of Ab, (the day that city was destroyed,) and does not mourn
over Jerusalem, shall not see its joy; but whoever does mourn over
it, shall see its joy, according to (Isaiah 66:10) F19.
F16 Zohar in Gen. fol. 114. 4. & in Exod. fol. 76. 1. T. Bab.
Beracot, fol. 3. 2. Prafat Echa Rabbati, fol. 89. 4.
F17 Zohar in Exod. fol. 85. 2.
F18 T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 30. 2.
F19 T. Bab Bathra, fol. 60. 2. & Caphtor, fol. 118. 2.