The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 23:54
And that day was the preparation…
Both for the
sabbath, and for the "Chagigah", or grand festival, which they kept
on the fifteenth day of the month, in a very pompous manner; so that
the day following was an high day;
and the sabbath drew on,
or "shone out"; which is so said, though it
was evening, on account of the lights, which were every where, in
every house, lighted up at this time, and which they were, by their
traditions, obliged to: for so run their canons F3;
``three things a man is obliged to say in the midst of his
house on the evening of the sabbath, when it is near dark,
have ye tithed? have ye mixed? (i.e. the borders of the
sabbath, the courts and food) (rnh wqyldh) , "light the lamp".''
This was what could by no means be dispensed with; for so they say
``the lighting of the lamp on the sabbath is not in a man's
power, (or at his liberty,) if he pleases he may light,
and if not, he may not light.----But it is what he is
obliged to, and every man and woman are bound to have in
their houses a lamp lighted up on the sabbath; and though
he has nothing to eat, he must beg, and get oil, and light
a lamp; for this is included in the delight of the
sabbath.----And he that lights, ought to light within the
day, before the setting of the sun.''
So that when these lamps were every where lighting, before the sun
was set, and the sabbath properly come, it might be said to draw on,
or to be shining forth. Besides, it was usual to call the evening of
any day by the name of "light": thus it is said F5,
``(rve ebral rwa) , on the light (i.e. the night) of
the fourteenth (of the month "Nisan"), they search for
So that the evangelist might, very agreeably to the way of speaking
with the Jews, say, that the sabbath was enlightening, or growing
light, though the evening was coming on.
F3 Misn. Sabbat, c. 2. sect. 7.
F4 Maimon. Hilch. Sabbat, c. 5. sect. 1, 3.
F5 Misn. Pesachim, c. 1. sect. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 23:54". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=lu&chapter=023&verse=054>. 1999.