The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleLuke 18:14
I tell you that this man…
The publican that so
freely owned himself to be a sinner, and by his carriage acknowledged
he was unworthy of any favour; and who was treated with so much
contempt by the Pharisee:
went down to his house;
from the temple which was built on a
justified, [rather] than the other:
accounted as a righteous
person in the sight of God; justified from all his sins, and accepted
by him, when the other was abhorred and neglected. The Syriac and
Persic versions, and so Beza's most ancient copy, read, "than the
Pharisee", who had such an high opinion of himself, and despised
others: not that the Pharisee was justified at all, when the publican
really was; but the sense is, that if judgment had been to have been
made, and sentence passed according to the then conduct and behaviour
of both parties, the publican had greatly the advantage, in the sight
of God; an humble demeanour being well pleasing and acceptable to
him, when pride, and arrogance, boasting of, and trusting in a man's
own righteousness, are abhorred by him;
for every one that exalteth himself, shall be abased, and he that
humbleth himself, shall be exalted.
This was a proverbial
expression, often mentioned by Christ on different occasions, and
frequently used by the Jews; (See Gill on 23:12) to which may
be added the following passages;
``whoever is of a haughty spirit, at last shall be made low
``whosoever humbleth himself, the holy blessed God will lift
him up F26.''
F25 T. Bab. Sota, fol. 5. 1.
F26 Zohar in Lev. fol. 39. 1.