The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMalachi 2:10
Have we not all one father?
&c.] Whether this is understood of
Adam the first man, of whose blood all nations of the earth are made,
and who in the same sense is the father of all living, as Eve was the
mother of all living; or of Abraham the father of the Jewish people, of
whom, as their father, they used to glory; or of Jacob, as Kimchi and
Aben Ezra interpret it, whom the Jews used to call our father Jacob; or
of God, who is the Father of all men by creation, and of the Jews by
national adoption of them; and who may the rather be thought to be
meant, since it follows,
hath not one God created us?
either as men, or formed us as a body
politic; which may serve to explain what is meant by their having one
father: whichever is the sense of these words, the argument from hence
is strong; that there ought to be no partiality used in the law, or any
respect had to persons, in that the rich and the poor have all one
Father and one Creator; see (James 2:1-8) :
why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother;
perverting justice, having respect to persons, favouring one to the
prejudice of another, as it follows:
by profaning the covenant of your fathers?
the covenant made with them
at Sinai, as Jarchi explains it; the law that was then enjoined them,
particularly such as forbid respect of persons, (Leviticus 19:15) (Deuteronomy 16:19) some
think, as Aben Ezra, that a new section here begins, and that the
prophet proceeds to a new reproof, and for another sin these people were
guilty of, in marrying wives of another nation, contrary to the law in
(Exodus 34:15) which was dealing treacherously with one another, and
profaning the covenant of their fathers.