The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMicah 5:5
And this [man] shall be the peace…
The word man is not in
the text, only this; and refers to the person before spoken of, who was
to be born in Bethlehem, to be the ruler in Israel, that should stand
and feed his people, and should be great to the ends of the earth; and
is no other than the Messiah, as Kimchi, and other Jewish writers, own,
Kimchi's note is,
``this peace respects the Messiah; for he shall be the cause or
author of peace; as it is said, "he shall speak peace unto
the Heathen", (Zechariah 9:10) ;''
and R. Isaac F24 expresses his sense of the words in much the same
language; and it is an observation the Jews sometimes make, and which
they give as a sign of the Messiah's coming,
``when you see a Persian horse bound in the land of Israel,
look for the feet of the Messiah;''
which is the sense of (Micah 5:5) ; "this shall be the peace, when the
Assyrian comes into our land" F25… so Jesus the true Messiah is
called "our peace", (Ephesians 2:14) ; and is the cause and author of peace,
not only between Jew and Gentile, but between God and men; which he has
made by the blood of his cross, and speaks and gives peace to men; and
he is the author of peace in his churches, whose kingdom is a kingdom
of peace, of which there will be an abundance in the latter day; for
all which he would not be sufficient was he a mere man; though it was
proper he should be a man, that he might have blood to shed, a body to
offer up, and in it die to procure peace; and yet be more than a man,
God also, to put virtue and efficacy into what he did and suffered to
obtain it, as well as to secure and continue the peace of his people,
and preserve them from all their enemies:
when the Assyrian shall come into our land;
not Sennacherib king of
Assyria; though by the invasion of Judea, and siege of Jerusalem, he
might have lately been concerned in, and by reason of the terror which
that had raised in the people; the Assyrian may be here put for any
powerful enemy of the people of God in later times; or Satan, and his
principalities and powers, even all the powers of darkness Christ our
peacemaker engaged with, at the time he made peace by his sufferings
and death; and perhaps may chiefly design the Turk, the Gog and Magog
of Ezekiel, as Mr. Mede F26 thinks, that will enter into the land of
Judea, in order to take it out of the hands of the Jews, who will be
possessed of it upon their conversion to Christ; but he by his
instruments will secure to them the possession of it, and their peace
and prosperity in it:
and when he shall tread in our palaces;
the palaces of our princes, and
nobles, and great men, at least attempt to do it:
then shall we raise against him;
the Assyrian, or whatsoever enemy is
meant by him: or, "with him", that is, the Messiah, as Kimchi and
others F1 interpret it. The Targum is,
``then will we appoint over us;''
which sense the above writer wonders at, as being contrary to the
seven shepherds, and eight principal men;
that is, many, as the phrase
is used in (Ecclesiastes 11:2) ; to which passage Aben Ezra and Kimchi refer us;
these are, as the last mentioned writer and others say F2, the princes
of the Messiah; and, according to the ancient F3 Jewish Rabbins, the
seven shepherds are particularly these, David in the midst, Adam, Seth,
Methuselah, on his right hand (Kimchi has it, Seth, Enoch, and
Methuselah), and Abraham, Jacob, and Moses, on his left hand; and the
eight principal men are, Jesse, Saul, Samuel, Amos, Zephaniah, Zedekiah
(in Kimchi and Rabbot it is Hezekiah), Elijah, and the Messiah; but, as
Aben Ezra, not fifteen persons are designed, at most but eight,
according to this form of speech in (Proverbs 30:15,18,21,24,29) (Amos 1:3) ; &c.
Calmet F4 takes those seven or eight shepherds to he the seven princes
confederate with Darius the son of Hystaspes, who killed Smerdis the
Magian, who had possessed himself of the empire of the Persians, after
the death of Cambyses; but Smerdis was not an Assyrian, nor is the
kingdom of Persia here meant, but the land of Judea; and the prophecy
respects the times of the Messiah, who should appear there, and where
would be raised up men to support his interest: and if conjecture may be
allowed, as this may be understood of the apostles and first preachers
of the Gospel, the princes of the Messiah, who were raised up, at the
prayer and request of the church, to oppose Satan and his emissaries, in
the first times of the Gospel; by these may be meant the writers of the
New Testament, the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, and
the Apostles Peter, James, and Jude, which make the seven shepherds; and
if you add to these the Apostle Paul, they will make eight principal
men; or rather I should think the seven angels are pointed at, that
shall pour out the last plagues on the antichristian states; to which,
if another angel is added, that will proclaim the fall of Babylon, the
same number will be made up; see (Revelation 16:1) (18:1) ; and who will assist the
Jews against the Turks, when they shall attempt to dispossess them of
their land, they shall again inherit.
F24 Ut supra. (Chizzuk Emunah, par. 1. p. 281.)
F25 Echa Rabbati, fol. 48. 3.
F26 Works, l. 4. Ep. 41. p. 796.
F1 Vid. Chizzuk Emunah, par. 1. p. 282.
F3 T. Bab. Succa, fol. 52. 2. Shirhashirim Rabba, fol. 26. 3.
F4 Dictionary, in the word "Shepherds".
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Micah 5:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mic&chapter=005&verse=005>. 1999.