The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 7:5
Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own
Very rightly does our Lord call such a man an hypocrite,
who is very free in remarking and reproving other men's sins, and
covering his own; and indeed, one end of his critical observations,
rigid censures, and rash judgments is, that he might be thought to
be holier than he is. Christ very manifestly points at the Scribes
and Pharisees, who were men of such a complexion; and whom he often,
without any breach of charity, calls hypocrites. The meaning of this
proverbial expression is, that a man should first begin with
himself, take notice of his own sins, reprove himself for them, and
reform; and then it will be soon enough to observe other men's.
And then shalt thou see clearly, to cast out the mote out of thy
then will he, and not before, be a proper person to
reprove others; all objections and impediments to such a work will
then be removed. Our Lord here speaks in the language of the Jewish
nation, with whom such like expressions were common, and of long
``In the generation that judged the judges, one said to
another, (Kynye Nybm Moyq lwj) , "cast out the mote out of
thine eye"; to whom it was replied, (Kynye Nybm hrwq lwj) ,
"cast out the beam from thine eye": one said to another,
"thy silver is become dross": the other replies, "thy wine
is mixed with water".''
``R. Taphon said, I wonder whether there is any in this
generation, that will receive reproof; if one should say
to him, "cast out the mote out of thine eye", will he say
to him, "cast out the beam out of thine eye?" Says R.
Eleazer ben Azariah, I wonder whether there is any in this
generation, that knows how to reprove.''
From whence it is clear, that these phrases were used in the same
sense they are by Christ; and which is still more evident by the
gloss upon them: for upon the word "mote", it observes,
``That it is as if it had been said, (Nwjq Nwe) , "a little
sin", which is in thine hand (i.e. which thou hast
committed): the other could say to him, cast thou away
(lwdg Nwe) , "the great sin", which is in thine hand; so that
they could not reprove, because they were all sinners.''
Agreeable to these, are some other proverbs used by the Jews, such
``a vice which is in thyself, do not speak of to thy
F5 or upbraid him with it: and F6 again,
``adorn thyself, and afterwards adorn others.''
Which is produced by a noted commentator F7 of their's, to
illustrate the text in (Zephaniah 2:1) on which he also makes this remark;
``inquire first into your own blemishes, and then inquire
into the blemishes of others.''
The sense of each of them is, that a man should first reform
himself, and then others; and that he that finds faults with others,
ought to be without blame himself.
F3 T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol. 15. 2.
F4 T. Bab. Erachin, fol. 16. 2.
F5 T. Bab. Bava Metzia, fol. 59. 2.
F6 T. Bab. Sanhedrim, fol. 19. 1.
F7 R. David Kimchi in Zeph. ii. 1. Vid. Tzeror Hammor, fol. 142. 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 7:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=007&verse=005>. 1999.