The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 7:12
Therefore all things whatsoever…
These words are the
epilogue, or conclusion of our Lord's discourse; the sum of what he
had delivered in the two preceding chapters, and in this hitherto,
is contained in these words; for they not only respect the
exhortation about judging and reproving; but every duty respecting
our neighbour; it is a summary of the whole. It is a golden rule,
here delivered, and ought to be observed by all mankind, Jews and
Gentiles. So the Karaite Jews F12 say,
``all things that a man would not take to himself, (wyxal)
(Mtwvel ywar Nya) , "it is not fit to do them to his
And Maimonides F13 has expressed it much in the same words our Lord
``all things whatsoever ye would that others should do to
you, (says he,) do you the same to your brethren, in the
law, and in the commandments:''
only there seems to be a restriction in the word "brethren"; the
Jews, perhaps, meaning no other than Israelites; whereas our Lord's
rule reaches to all without exception, "all things whatsoever"
ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them:
be who they will, whether brethren, or kinsmen, according to the
flesh, or what not; "for this is the law and the prophets": the sum of
the law and the prophets; not the whole sum of them, or the sum of the
whole law: but of that part of it which respects our neighbours.
Remarkable is the advice given by Hillell F14 to one who came to be
made a proselyte by him;
``whatsoever is hateful to thee, that do not thou to thy
neighbour; (hlwk hrwth lk ayh wz) , "this is all the whole
law", and the rest is an explication of it, go and be
yea, this rule is not only agreeable to the law of Moses, and the
prophets, but even to the law and light of nature. Aristotle being
asked, how we ought to carry ourselves to our friends, answered F15,
as we would wish they would carry it to us. Alexander Severus, a
Heathen emperor, so greatly admired this rule of Christ's, that he
ordered it to be written on the walls of his closet.
F12 R. Eliahu Addaret, c. 3. apud Trigland de sect. Karaeorum, c. 10.
p. 166. Vid. Tzeror Hammor, fol. 146. 4.
F13 Hilch. Ebel. c. 14. sect. 1.
F14 T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 31. 1. Maimon. in Misn. Peah, c. 1. sect. 1.
F15 Diog. Laert. in Vit. Aristotel. l. 5.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 7:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=007&verse=012>. 1999.