The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 8:12
But the children of the kingdom…
The Jews, who were
subjects of the kingdom, and commonwealth of Israel, from which the
Gentiles were aliens; and who were also in the church of God, which
is his kingdom on earth; and besides, had the promise of the Gospel
dispensation, sometimes called the kingdom of heaven, and by them,
often the world to come; and were by their own profession, and in
their apprehension and expectation, children, and heirs of the
kingdom of glory. These phrases, (abh Mlweh Nb) , "a son of the world
to come", and (ytad amle ynb) , "children of the world to come" F15,
are frequent in their writings: these, Christ says,
shall be cast out;
out of the land of Israel, as they were in a few
years after, and out of the church of God: these branches were
broken off, and the Gentiles grafted in, in their room; and will be
excluded from the kingdom of heaven, where they hoped to have a
and cast into outer darkness:
into the Gentile world, and into
judicial blindness, and darkness of mind, and into the blackness of
darkness in hell,
where shall be weeping, and gnashing of teeth.
Phrases expressive of
the miserable state and condition of persons out of the kingdom of
heaven; who are weeping for what they have lost, and gnashing their
teeth with the pain of what they endure. The Jews say F16,
``he that studies not in the law in this world, but is
defiled with the pollutions of the world, he is taken (hrbh)
(wtwa wkylvyw) , "and cast without": this is hell itself, to
which such are condemned, who do not study the law.''
The allusion in the text is, to the customs of the ancients at their
feasts and entertainments; which were commonly made in the evening,
when the hall or dining room, in which they sat down, was very much
illuminated with lamps and torches; but without in the streets, were
entire darkness: and where were heard nothing but the cries of the
poor, for something to be given them, and of the persons that were
turned out as unworthy guests; and the gnashing of their teeth,
either with cold in winter nights, or with indignation at their
being kept out. Christ may also be thought to speak in the language,
and according to the notions of the Jews, who ascribe gnashing of
teeth to the devils in hell; for they say F17, that
``for the flattery with which they flattered Korah, in the
business of rioting, "the prince of hell (wynv qrx) , gnashed
his teeth at them".''
The whole of this may be what they call (Mnhg zgwr) , "the
indignation", or "tumult of hell" F18.
F15 T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 4. 2. Taanith, fol. 22. 1. Megilla, fol. 28.
2. Yoma, fol. 88. 1. & Sanhedrim, fol. 88. 2. Raziel, fol. 37. 1. &
38. 1. Caphtor, fol. 15. 1. & 18. 2. & 60. 1. & 84. 2. Raya Mehimna,
in Zohar in Lev. fol. 34. 2.
F16 Zohar in Gen. fol. 104. 3.
F17 T. Bab. Sanhedrim, fol. 52. 1.
F18 Targum in Job, iii 17.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 8:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=008&verse=012>. 1999.