The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 8:16
When the even was come…
The other evangelists say,
when "the sun was set", or "setting"; which circumstances are
observed, not as some think, because the cool of the evening, and
when the sun was set, it was more seasonable and convenient, in those
hot countries, to bring out their sick, than in the heat of the day:
nor are they remarked, as others think, because it was an
unseasonable time to bring them to Christ, when he had been fatigued
all day long, and yet he healed them; such was his goodness and
compassion: but the true reason of the mention of them is, because it
had been their sabbath day, as appears from (Mark 1:21) (Luke 4:31) and
they could not, according to their canons, bring them sooner. Their
sabbath began at sun setting; hence they say F19, that on the eve of
the sabbath, that is, immediately preceding it, when the sabbath is
about to begin, it is lawful to work (hmxh eqvtv de) , "until the
sun sets"; and so it ended at sun setting the next day, which they
judged of by the appearance of three stars F20.
``R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Aba Bar Papa, says, if but
one star appears, it is certainly day; if two, it is a
doubt whether it is night or not; if three, it is certainly
night. On the eve of the sabbath, if he sees one star and
does any work, he is free; if two, he brings a
trespass offering for a doubt; if three, he brings a
sin offering; at the going out of the sabbath, if he sees
one star, and does any work, he brings a sin offering; if
two, he brings a trespass offering for a doubt; if three,
he is free.''
So that till the sun was set, and three stars appeared as a proof of
it, it was not lawful to do any sort of business; but as soon as it
was out of doubt, that the sun was set, they might do anything: and
this being the case,
they brought to him (Christ) many that were possessed with devils;
whose bodies Satan had been suffered to enter into, and were acted,
and governed, and thrown into strange disorders by him. Such
possessions, through divine permission, were frequent; that Christ,
who was come in the flesh, might have an opportunity of showing his
power over Satan, and giving proof of his deity and Messiahship.
And he cast out the spirits with his word;
only by speaking to them;
who were obliged, at his command, and by his orders, to quit their
tenements, though unwillingly enough.
And healed all that were sick;
whoever they were, without any
respect of persons, of whatsoever disease attended them: the most
stubborn, inveterate, and otherwise incurable disorder, was not too
hard for him, which he cured without the help of medicine, and where
that could be of no use, and either by speaking, or touching, or
some such like means.
F19 T. Hieros. Sheviith, fol. 33. 1.
F20 T. Hieros. Beracot, fol. 2. 2. Maimon. Sabbat, c. 5. sect. 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 8:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=008&verse=016>. 1999.