The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 8:17
That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the
In (Isaiah 53:4) "He hath borne our griefs and
carried our sorrows", here rendered,
himself took our infirmities and bare our sicknesses:
to the Hebrew text, (awh) , "he himself", not another; (avn) , "took up",
upon himself voluntarily, freely, as a man lifts up a burden, and
takes it on his shoulders; (wnylx) , "our infirmities", diseases,
sicknesses, whether of body or soul, (Mlbo wnybakmw) , "and bare", or
carried, as a man does a burden upon his back, "our sicknesses", or
diseases, which occasion pain and sorrow. And that these words are
spoken of the Messiah, the Jews themselves own; for among the names
they give to the Messiah, "a leper" is one; which they prove from
this passage F21.
``The Rabbins say, "a leper" of the house of Rabbi is his
name; as it is said, "surely he hath borne our griefs, and
carried our sorrows, yet we did esteem him stricken,
smitten of God and afflicted". Says R. Nachman, if he is
of the living, he is as I am, as it is said, (Jeremiah 30:21)
Says Rab, if of the living, he is as our Rabbi, the holy.''
Upon which last clause the gloss is,
``If the Messiah is of them that are alive, our Rabbi the
holy is he, "because (Myawlxt lbwod) he bears infirmities".''
Elsewhere F23 they say,
``There is one temple that is called the temple of the sons
of afflictions; and when the Messiah comes into that
temple, and reads all the afflictions, all the griefs, and
all the chastisements of Israel, which come upon them,
then all of them shall come upon him: and if there was any
that would lighten them off of Israel, and take them upon
himself, there is no son of man that can bear the
chastisements of Israel, because of the punishments of the
law; as it is said, "surely he hath borne our griefs"…''
And in another ancient book F24 of their's, God is represented
saying to the Messiah,
``(Nyrwvy lwbot) , "wilt thou bear chastisements", in order to
remove their iniquities? (the iniquities of the children
of God,) as it is written, "surely he hath borne our
griefs": he replied, "I will bear them with joy".''
Hence it is manifest, that according to the mind of the ancient
Jews, this passage belongs to the Messiah, and is rightly applied to
him by the evangelist. But the difficulty is, how it had its
accomplishment in Christ's healing the bodily diseases of men; since
Isaiah speaks not of his actions and miracles, but of his sufferings
and death; and not of bearing the diseases of the body, as it should
seem, but of the diseases of the mind, of sins, as the Apostle Peter
interprets it, (1 Peter 2:24) . To remove which, let it be observed, that
though the prophet chiefly designs to point out Christ taking upon
him, and bearing the sins of his people, in order to make
satisfaction for them, and to save them from them; yet so likewise,
as to include his bearing, by way of sympathy, and taking away by
his power, the bodily diseases of men, which arise from sin; and
which was not only an emblem of his bearing and taking away sin, but
a proof of his power and ability to do it: for since he could do the
one, it was plain he could do the other.
F21 T. Bab. Sanhedrim, fol. 98. 2.
F23 Zohar in Exod. fol. 85. 2.
F24 Pesikta in Abkath Rochel, l. 1. par. 2. p. 309. Ed. Huls.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 8:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=008&verse=017>. 1999.