The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 9:35
And Jesus went about all the cities and villages…
did not confine himself, and his acts of kindness and compassion, to
his own city, Capernaum, but he took a circuit throughout all
Galilee; and not only visited their larger and more principal cities
and towns, but their villages also; doing good to the bodies and
souls of men in every place, and of whatever state and condition.
Teaching in their synagogues;
which were places of public worship,
where prayer was made, the law and the prophets were read, and a
word of exhortation given to the people; and which, it seems, were
in villages, as well as in cities and towns: and indeed it is a rule
with the Jews F8, that
``in what place soever there are ten Israelites, they ought
to build a house, to which they may go to prayer, at all
times of prayer; and such a place is called (tonkh tyb) , "a
And hence we often read of F9 (Myrpk lv tonkh tyb) , "the synagogue of
villages", as distinct from the synagogues of cities and walled
towns; which confutes a notion of the learned Dr. Lightfoot F11, who
thought there were no synagogues in villages. Now, wherever Christ
found any of these, he entered into them, and taught the people
preaching the Gospel of the kingdom;
the good news and glad tidings
of peace and pardon, reconciliation and salvation, by himself the
Messiah; all things relating to the Gospel dispensation; the
doctrines of grace, which concern both the kingdom of grace and
glory; particularly the doctrine of regeneration, and the necessity
of having a better righteousness than that of the Scribes and
Pharisees; the one as a meetness, the other as a title to eternal
and healing every sickness, and every disease among the people.
he preached wholesome doctrine for the good of their souls; for
their spiritual health, and the cure of their spiritual maladies; so
he healed all sorts of diseases the bodies of men were incident to,
that were brought unto him; and by his miracles confirmed, as well
as recommended, the doctrines he preached.
F8 Maimon Hilchot Tephilla, c. 11. sect. 1.
F9 T. Bab. Megilla. fol. 26. 1. & Gloss. in ib. Maimon. & Bartenora in
Misn. Megilla, c. 3. sect. 1. & Maimon. Hilch. Tephilla, c. 11.
F11 In Mark i. 38. & Chorograph. ad Matt. c. 98.