Nor scrip for your journey…
This the Jews call (lymrt) ,
"tarmil": and which their commentators F14 say, is a large leathern
bag, in which shepherds and travellers put their food, and other
things, and carried with them, hanging it about their necks; so that
the disciples were neither to carry money with them, nor any
provisions for their journey:
neither two coats;
one to travel in, and another to put on, when
they came to their quarters: they were not allowed change of
raiment; either because superfluous, or too magnificent to appear
in, or too troublesome to carry:
only sandals, as Mark says; for there was a difference
between shoes and sandals, as appears from the case of the plucking
off the shoe, when a man refused his brother's wife F15: if the
"shoe" was plucked off it was regarded; but if the "sandal", it was
not minded: this was the old tradition, though custom went against
it. Sandals were made of harder leather than shoes F16, and
sometimes of wood covered with leather, and stuck with nails, to
make them more durable F17; though sometimes of bulrushes, and bark
of palm trees, and of cork F18, which were light to walk with.
``Says R. Bar bar Chanah F19, I saw R. Eleazar of Nineveh go
out on a fast day of the congregation, (Mev ldnob) , "with a
sandal of cork".''
Of what sort these were, the disciples were allowed to travel with,
is not certain:
nor yet with staves:
that is, with more than one staff, which was
sufficient to assist them, and lean upon in journeying: for,
according to Mark, one was allowed; as though they might take a
travelling staff, yet not staves for defence, or to fight with; see
(Matthew 26:55) . Now these several things were forbidden them, partly
because they would be burdensome to them in travelling; and partly
because they were not to be out any long time, but were quickly to
return again; and chiefly to teach them to live and depend upon
divine providence. Now, since they were to take neither money, nor
provisions with them, and were also to preach the Gospel freely,
they might reasonably ask how they should be provided for, and
supported: when our Lord suggests, that they should not be anxiously
concerned about that, he would take care that they had a suitable
supply; and would so influence and dispose the minds of such, to
whom they should minister, as that they should have all necessary
provisions made for them, without any care or expense of their's:
for the workman is worthy of his meat;
which seems to be a
proverbial expression, and by which Christ intimates, that they were
workmen, or labourers in his vineyard, and they, discharging their
duty aright, were entitled to food and raiment, and all the
necessaries of life: this to have, was their due; and it was but a
piece of justice to give it to them, and on which they might depend.
So that this whole context is so far from militating against a
minister's maintenance by the people, that it most strongly
establishes it; for if the apostles were not to take any money or
provisions with them, to support themselves with, it clearly
follows, that it was the will of Christ, that they should live by
the Gospel, upon those to whom they preached, as the following words
show: and though they were not to make gain of the Gospel, or preach
it for filthy lucre's sake; yet they might expect a comfortable
subsistence, at the charge of the people, to whom they ministered,
and which was their duty to provide for them.
F14 Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Sheviith, c. 2. sect. 8. & in Celim.
c. 16. 4. & 24. 11. & Negaim. c. 11. sect. 11.
F15 T. Hieros. Yebamot, fol. 12. 3. T. Bab. Yebamot, fol. 102. 1. &
Menachot, fol. 32. 1.
F16 Gloss. in T. Bab. Yebamot, fol. 101. 1. & Bartenora in Misn.
Yebamot, c. 12. sect. 1.
F17 Misn. Yebamot, c. 12. sect. 2. Maimon. Bartenora in Sabbat, c. 6.
sect. 2. & Edayot, c. 2. sect. 8.
F18 T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 78. 2. Gloss. in ib. Maimon. Hilch. Shebitat.
Ashur, c. 3. sect. 7.
F19 T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 78. 2. Juchasin, fol. 81. 1.