The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 14:1
At that time Herod the tetrarch…
Not Herod the Great,
in whose reign Christ was born, and who slew the infants of
Bethlehem, but his son; this was, as the Jewish chronologer F3
``Herod Antipater, whom they call (yqrtyj) , "the tetrarch";
the son of Herod the First, and brother of Archelaus, and
the third king of the family of Herod.''
And though he is here called a "tetrarch", he is in (Mark 6:14) called
a king: the reason of his being styled a "tetrarch" was this; his
father Herod divided his large kingdom into four parts, and
bequeathed them to his sons, which was confirmed by the Roman
senate: Archelaus reigned in Judea in his stead; upon whose decease,
that part was put under the care of a Roman governor; who, when John
the Baptist began to preach, was Pontius Pilate; this same Herod
here spoken of, being "tetrarch" of Galilee, which was the part
assigned him; and his brother Philip "tetrarch" of Ituraea, and of the
region of Trachonitis; and Lysanias, "tetrarch" of Abilene, (Luke 3:1)
the word "tetrarch": signifying one that has the "fourth" part of
government: and in Munster's Hebrew Gospel, he is called "one of the
four princes"; and in the Arabic version, "a prince of the fourth
part"; and in the Persic, a "governor of the fourth part of the
kingdom". The "time" referred to, was after the death of John the
Baptist; and when Christ had been for a good while, and in many
places, preaching and working miracles; the particular instant which
respect is had unto, is the sending forth of the twelve disciples to
preach and work miracles; and which might serve the more to spread
the fame of Christ, and which reached the court of Herod; who, it is
heard of the fame of Jesus:
what a wonderful preacher he was, and
what mighty things were done by him.
F3 David Ganz. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 25. 2. and so in Juchasin,
fol. 142. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 14:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=014&verse=001>. 1999.