The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 20:2
And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day,
&c.] These labourers were of that sort that were called (Mwy rykv) ,
"hired for a day"; concerning whom is the following rule F17:
``he that is hired for a day, may demand it all the night;
and he that is hired for a night may demand it all the
day: he that is hired for hours, may demand it all the
night, and all the day; he that is hired for a week, he
that is hired for a month, he that is hired for a year, he
that is hired for seven, if he goes out in the day, may
demand all the day; and if he goes out in the night, he
may demand it all the night, and all the day.''
And the wages of a day were usually (rnyd) "a penny"; which, if
understood of a Roman penny, was seven pence halfpenny of our money.
One of their canons runs thus F18:
``he that hires a labourer in the winter, to work with him
in the summer, (Mwy lkb) , "for a penny every day", and he
gives him his hire; and, lo! his hire is alike to that in
the winter, a "sela" every day, this is forbidden; because
it looks as if he chose that time to lessen his wages; but
if he says to him, work with me from this day, to such a
time, "for a penny every day", though his hire is the same,
a "sela" every day, this is lawful.''
By the penny a day agreed for with the labourers, may be meant
external privileges; or the free promise made, whether to ministers,
or private believers, of a sufficient supply of grace daily, that as
their day is, their strength shall be; together with that of eternal
life and happiness at last.
He sent them into his vineyard;
to labour there: for none have any
business there, but such who are called and sent by the owner of it;
and where sons are sent, and work, as well as servants; see
(Matthew 21:28,29) .
F17 Misna Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 11. Maimen Hilch. Shericut, c. 11.
F18 Maimon. Hilch. Milvah Ulavah, c. 7. sect. 12. Vid. T. Bab. Bava
Bathra, fol. 86. 2. & 87. 1. & Gloss. in ib.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 20:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=020&verse=002>. 1999.