The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 20:13
But he answered one of them…
Who was the forwardest
and loudest in his complaints, and represented the rest;
and said, friend, I do thee no wrong;
by giving all alike, the same
privileges and blessings to the last, as to the first, since nothing
was withheld from him. And indeed the Lord does no wrong to any, by
the distinction which he makes among his creatures: he is righteous in
all his ways, and holy in all his works: he does no injury to the evil
angels, by choosing the good angels, and confirming them in the estate
in which they were created; when the others are reserved in chains of
darkness, to the judgment of the great day; or by choosing fallen men,
in Christ, and making provisions of grace for them, and not devils:
and so there is no unrighteousness in him, nor does he do any wrong to
any, when, like the potter, out of the same clay, he makes one vessel
to honour, and another to dishonour; any more than when, in a
providential way, he gives riches and wealth to some, and withholds
them from others; or sends his Gospel, the means of grace to one, and
not to another: and still less can he be thought to do wrong to the
sons of men, by giving to them alike the same grace and privileges
here, and the same happiness and glory hereafter; since neither have
any right to what they have, or shall enjoy, and no one has the less
for what is given to the other.
Didst thou not agree with me for a penny?
That is, to labour in the
vineyard all the day for a penny; yea, this agreement was made
personally with him, not with a servant, or messenger of his; though
if it had, it ought, according to the Jewish canons, to have been
abode by, which run thus F2:
``A man says to his messenger, or servant, go and hire
workmen for me for three pence; he goes and hires them for
four pence: if the messenger says to them, your wages be
upon me, he gives them four pence, and takes three pence of
the master of the house; he looses one out of his own
purse: if he says to them, your hire be upon the master of
the house, the master of the house gives them according to
the custom of the province: if there are one in the
province that hired for three pence, and others that are
hired for four pence, he gives them but three pence, "and
the murmuring" is against the messenger; in what things?
When the work is not known, but when the work is known, and
it is worth four pence, the master of the house gives them
four pence; but if his messenger does not say to them four
pence, they do not labour and do what deserves four pence.
The householder says to him, hire me for four pence, and
the messenger goes and hires for three pence, though the
work deserves four pence, they have but three pence;
because that (Nmue le wlbq) , "they took it upon themselves",
(i.e. they agreed for so much,) and their murmuring is
against the messenger.''
Thus the argument in the parable proceeds upon the agreement, which
ought to be abode by.
F2 Maimon. Hilch, Shecirut, c. 9. sect. 3.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 20:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=020&verse=013>. 1999.