The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 20:16
So the last shall be first, and the first last…
As he had asserted in (Matthew 19:30) and which is clearly illustrated
by this parable, as it may be applied to Jews or Gentiles, or to
nominal and real Christians:
for many be called;
externally, under the ministration of the
Gospel, as the Jews in general were, by Christ and his apostles; but
in Christ from all eternity, both to grace and glory;
and in consequence, and as an evidence of it, but few among the Jews;
as also in the Gentile world, comparatively speaking: and even but a
few of those that are outwardly called, are inwardly and effectually
called by the powerful grace of God, out of darkness into marvellous
light, into the grace and liberty of the Gospel, into communion with
Christ, and to the obtaining his kingdom and glory, according to the
eternal purpose of God. It is a saying of R. Simeon ben Jochai F4
``I have seen the children of the world to come (elsewhere
F5 it is, of the chamber), (Nyjewm Nhw) , "and they are
Though he vainly thought, that if those few were but two, they were
himself and his son.
F4 T. Hieros. Beracot, fol. 13. 4.
F5 T. Bab. Succa, fol. 45. 2. & Sanhedrim, fol. 97. 2.