The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 23:12
And whosoever shall exalt himself…
Above his fellow
Christians, or fellow ministers, by entertaining too high an opinion
of himself, by boasting of his gifts, as preferable to others, and
as if he had not received them; by assuming, or eagerly coveting
titles of honour among men, or by affecting honour that do not
belong to him, or, abusing what he has: "shall be abased"; or
humbled by God, or men, or both; such shall lose the honour they
have, and come greatly short of what they are ambitious of; they
shall fall into disgrace with men, and are abominable in the sight
of God: "and he that shall humble himself"; by entertaining low
thoughts, and a mean opinion of himself, behaving modestly among
men; not being elated with his gifts, but acknowledging that they
are owing to the grace and goodness of God; and using them in an
humble manner, for, the advantage of others; not coveting honour
from men, nor lifted up with what is conferred on him: "shall be
exalted"; by God, or men, or both; if not in this world, yet in the
world to come: and indeed, generally speaking, such modest, humble,
persons, are most esteemed among men; and God gives more grace unto
them, and will at last give them glory. This is a saying, often used
by our Lord on different accounts, both with respect to his
disciples, for their instruction, and with regard to the scribes and
Pharisees, for their mortification; see (Luke 14:11) (18:14) . It seems
to be a proverbial expression, and much in use among the Jews: it is
said in so many words in the Talmud F21, as here;
``whosoever shall humble himself, the holy blessed God shall
exalt him; and whosoever shall exalt himself, the holy
blessed God shall humble him.''
F21 T. Bab. Erubin, fol. 13. 2. & 54. 1. & Nedarim, fol. 55. 1.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 23:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=023&verse=012>. 1999.