The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 23:16
Woe unto you, you blind guides…
Meaning the same
persons, the Scribes and Pharisees, as before, though not named, who
pretended to be "guides of the blind", (Romans 2:19) but were them
selves blind, and so very unfit to be guides of others; they were as
they were born, ignorant of divine things, of God in Christ, of the
true Messiah, of the true meaning of the Scriptures, of the
spirituality of the law, and of the Gospel of Christ; and the way of
salvation by him; and their minds were blinded by the God of this
world, and with a greedy, and insatiable covetousness after the things
of it, of which Christ here gives an instance:
which say, whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing;
either that it was no sin to use such an oath, or it was not binding
upon a man: he might choose whether he would abide by what he swore by
the temple he would do; and thus they ignorantly, and wickedly
encouraged vain swearing and perjury. It was usual with them to swear
by the temple: take an instance or two.
``Says R. Jochanan F16, (alkyh) , "by the temple", it is in our
hands; but what shall I do?''
The gloss upon it is;
``it is an oath by the temple of God, that it is in our power
to reveal the illegitimacy of the families of the land of
``Says R. Zechariah ben Hakatzab F17, (hzh Nwemh) , "by this
habitation" (meaning the temple), her hand was not removed
from my hand from the time the Gentiles entered into
Jerusalem, to the time they went out.''
Jarchi and Bartenora's note on it is, this is an oath. Again,
``says R. Simeon ben Gamaliel F18, (hzh Nwemh) , "by this
habitation"; I will not rest this night until they (doves)
are sold for pence apiece.''
The gloss on it is, "he swore by the sanctuary."
But whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is guilty;
or is bound, or is a debtor, to make good his oath; he cannot be
excused, but must be obliged to fulfil it; or if he does not, he is
guilty of perjury. This is to be understood not of the gold that
covered any part of the temple; nor of the golden vessels in it; but of
the gold, or money, or gifts which were offered for the service of the
temple: and the sense is, that whosoever swore by "Korban", and that
this, or that should be as "Korban", he should not go back from it; he
was obliged to give it. This showed the covetous disposition of these
men, who made nothing of oaths that were swore by the temple; but those
that were made by the "Korban", or the gifts of it, were binding, because
their interest was in it; it was for their gain.
F16 T. Bab. Kiddushin, fol. 71. 1.
F17 Misn. Cetubot, c. 2. sect. 9. Juchasin, fol. 56. 1.
F18 T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol 166. 1. Misn. Ceritot, c. 1. sect. 7.
Vid. c. 6. sect. 3.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 23:16". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=023&verse=016>. 1999.