The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 27:11
And Jesus stood before the governor…
Pilate who sat;
for so was the custom for the judge to sit, and those that were
judged, to stand, especially whilst witness was bore against them
``Says R. Bo, in the name of Rab Hona, the witnesses ought
to stand whilst they bear witness. Says R. Jeremiah, in
the name of R. Abhu, also (Nydmwe twyhl Nkyru Nynwdynh) ,
"those that are judged ought to stand", whilst they
receive their witness.''
And again F7,
``how do they judge? the judges sit, (Nydmwe Nynwdynhw) , and
"they that are judged stand".''
Think what a sight was here, the eternal Son of God in human nature,
the Lord of life and glory, the Prince of the kings of the earth,
standing before an Heathen governor! he before whom Pilate must
stand, and even all men, small and great, another day; all must
appear, and stand before the judgment seat of Christ; he himself
stands at the bar of men! the reason of this was, because he stood
in the legal place, and stead of his people: he became their
substitute from everlasting, was made under the law in time, and was
subject to its precept, and its penalty: and though he had no crimes
of his own to answer for, he had the sins of his people on him; on
account of which he stood before the governor, to receive the
sentence of condemnation on himself; that so sin being condemned in
his flesh, the whole righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in
them: he stood here, that they might stand before God, and at the
throne of his grace with boldness and intrepidity; a new, and living
way to it being opened for them, through his blood and sacrifice;
and that they might stand before him, the judge of all the earth,
with confidence, and not be ashamed at his coming.
And the governor asked him, saying, art thou the king of the Jews?
for the Jews had suggested to Pilate, that Jesus had given out that
he was Christ a king; and he being Caesar's procurator, it became
him strictly to inquire into this matter, lest there should be any
encroachment made on his master's dignity, authority, and dominions,
and he himself should suffer blame; wherefore, he does not ask
Jesus, whether he said he was the king of the Jews, or others said
so of him, but whether he was their king: he knew he was not in
fact; but his question was, whether he was so in right; or if he
thought he was, what claim he made, and what he did to support it:
and Jesus said unto him; thou sayest;
which is all one as if he had
said, "I am"; see (Matthew 26:25,64) , compared with (Mark 14:62) , and that
this was the sense of his answer is clear from (John 18:36,37) ,
though, at the same time, he let him know that his kingdom was not
of this world; that he was not a temporal king, nor did he lay any
claim to any earthly dominions; and therefore neither he, nor his
master Caesar, had anything to fear from him: he was only a king in
a spiritual sense, over the Israel of God; such as received him, as
the Messiah, and believed in his name.
F6 T. Hieros. Yoma, fol. 43. 2, 3.
F7 Ib. Sanhedrin, fol. 21. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 27:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=027&verse=011>. 1999.