The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 23:28
Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous…
broad their phylacteries, enlarging the borders of their garments,
praying long prayers, compassing sea and land to make one proselyte,
paying tithes of all manner of herbs, and cleansing the outside of
the cup and platter, and doing all their works, prayers, fastings,
and alms deeds, to be seen of men. This is the accommodation of the
above simile; by reason of these things they looked like whited
sepulchres, outwardly beautiful: so these appeared outwardly
righteous, they looked like righteous persons, and were not; they
were what Hagar, as the Jews say, charged her mistress with being;
for so they interpret these words, "her mistress was despised in her
eyes", (Genesis 16:4) F2.
``She said, this Sarah is not secretly, what she is openly;
she appears (tqdu ayh wlyak) , "as if she was righteous" and
she is not righteous.''
The same they say of F3 Leah. This was a misrepresentation; but the
representation Christ gives of these men, is right; they were of
that sort of the Pharisees, which they call (Nyewbuh) , "the dyed", or
"coloured" ones: it is said of Jannai the king, that he should say
to those of his family F4;
``Do not be afraid of them that are Pharisees, (that are
truly so,) nor of them that are not Pharisees; but of them
that are, (Nyewbuh) , "dyed", for they are like to Pharisees;
for their works are as the works of Zimri, (adulterers, as
these were,) and they expect the reward as Phinehas.''
The gloss upon it is,
``the Pharisees hated him, because he had slain many of
their wise men, and was turned Sadducee; and when
he was dying, his wife was afraid of them, lest they
should take away the kingdom from her sons, and she
desired him to seek their favour for her; but he said unto
her, do not be afraid of the Pharisees, for they are
"righteous", and will not render evil to thee, nor to thy
sons; for they have not sinned against them; nor of them
that are not Pharisees, for they are their friends; but of
"the dyed ones": as if he had said, their appearance is
not according to their nature, but they are dyed without,
(Mrbk Mkwt Nyaw) , "and their inside is not as their
outside": for their works are as the work of Zimri, for
they are ungodly; and they expect the reward as Phinehas,
saying to men, to honour them as Phinehas.''
But this outward show and appearance of righteousness, was only "unto
men", not unto God: they did not appear so to him, who is the searcher
of hearts, and knows what is in man, and knew all the secret wickedness
that was in them; for though they imposed upon, and deceived men, they
could not deceive God; nor was their iniquity hid from Christ, who
adds, "but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity": and which was
evident from their ambition and vain glory, in desiring the uppermost
rooms at feasts, the chief places in the synagogue, greetings in the
markets, and titles of honour and grandeur; from their avarice and
cruel oppression of the widows, and fatherless, under a pretence of
long prayers; from their neglecting the weightier matters of the law,
judgment, mercy, and faith, and practising extortion and excess: that
saying of their's F5, may be applied to themselves;
``every disciple of a wise man, (wrbk wkwt Nyav) , "whose
inside is not as his outside", is no disciple of a wise
And it is expressly ascribed by some of their writers to one sort of
the Pharisees, of whom they say F6,
``they are desirous to appear to men to be holy, but their
inside is not as their outside;''
which is much the same Christ here says of them. What our Lord
charges these men with, is owned by their own doctors; they say F7,
``the iniquity of those that were under the first temple,
was open and manifest, but the iniquity of those that were
under the second temple, was not open.''
But as the gloss says,
``the children of the second temple, (rtob wyh Myevr) , "were
F2 Bereshit Rabba, sect. 45. fol. 40. 3. Jarchi in Gert. xvi. 4.
F3 Bereshit Rabba, sect. 71. fol. 63. 2.
F4 T. Bab. Sota, fol. 22. 2.
F5 T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 72. 2.
F6 Bartenora in Misn. Sota, c. 3. sect. 4.
F7 T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 9. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 23:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=023&verse=028>. 1999.