The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 27:5
And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple…
Upon the ground, in that part of the temple where they were sitting;
in their council chamber, (tyzgh tkvl) , "the paved chamber", where the
sanhedrim used to meet F13: for it seems they would not take the
money of him; and he was determined not to carry it back with him,
and therefore threw it down before them, left it,
from the sanhedrim: and went; out of the temple; not
to God, nor to the throne of his grace, nor to his master, to ask
pardon of him, but to some secret solitary place, to cherish his
grief and black despair,
and hanged himself.
The kind and manner of his death, as recorded by
Luke in (Acts 1:18) is, that "falling headlong, he burst asunder the
midst, and all his bowels gushed out"; which account may be
reconciled with this, by supposing the rope, with which he hanged
himself, to break, when falling; it may be, from a very high place,
upon a stone, or stump of a tree; when his belly burst, and his guts
came out: or it may be rendered, as it is in the Arabic and Ethiopic
versions, "he was strangled"; and that either by the devil, as Dr.
Lightfoot thinks; who, having been in him for the space of two or
three days, caught him up into the air, and threw him down headlong;
and dashing him on the ground, he burst in the midst, and his bowels
gushed out, and the devil made his exit that way: or by a disease
called the squinancy, or quinsy, a suffocation brought upon him by
excessive grief, deep melancholy, and utter despair; when being
choked by it, he fell flat upon his face, and the rim of his belly
burst, and his entrails came out. This disease the Jews call (arkoa) ,
"Iscara"; and if it was what he was subject to from his infancy, his
parents might call him Iscariot from hence; and might be designed in
providence to be what should bring him to his wretched end: and what
is said of this suffocating disorder, seems to agree very well with
the death of Judas. They say F14, that
``it is a disease that begins in the bowels, and ends in the
they call death by it, (her htym) , "an evil death" F15; and say F16,
``there are nine hundred and three kinds of deaths in the
world, but that (arkoa Nlkbv hvq) , "the hardest of them
all is Iscara"; which the Gloss calls "strangulament", and
says, is in the midst of the body:''
they also reckon it, (hnwvm htym) , "a violent death" F17; and say F18,
that the spies which brought a bad report of the good land, died of
it. Moreover, they affirm F19, that
``whoever tastes anything before he separates (i.e. lights
up the lamp on the eve of the sabbath, to distinguish the
night from the day), shall die by "Iscara", or
Upon which the Gloss says, this is
``measure for measure: he that satisfies his throat, or
appetite, shall be choked: as it is said F20 he that is
condemned to be strangled, either he shall be drowned in a
river, or he shall die of a quinsy, this is "Iscara".''
F13 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 88. 2.
F14 Gloss. in T. Bab. Sabbat, fol 33. 1.
F15 T. Bab. Yebamot, fol. 62. 9.
F16 Beracot, fol. 3. 1.
F17 Gloss. in T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 19. 2.
F18 T. Bab. Sota, fol. 35. 1.
F19 T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 105. 1.
F20 T. Bab. Cetubot, fol. 30. 2.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Matthew 27:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=mt&chapter=027&verse=005>. 1999.