The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleMatthew 4:24
And his fame went throughout all Syria…
ministry and miracles, especially the latter; wherefore
they brought to him,
that is, out of Syria, the sick. Syria was in
some respects reckoned as the land of Israel, though in others not.
``The F13 Rabbins teach, that in three respects Syria was
like to the land of Israel, and in three to the countries with
out the land: the dust defiled, as without the land; he
that sold his servant to (one in) Syria, was as if he sold
him to one without the land; and he that brought a bill of
divorce from Syria, as if he brought it from without the
land: and in three things it was like to the land of
Israel; it was bound to tithes, and to the observance of
the seventh year; and he that would go into it, might go
into it with purity and he that purchased a field in
Syria, was as if he had purchased one in the suburbs of
All sick people, that were taken with divers diseases and torments.
This expresses in general, the grievous and tormenting diseases with
which the persons were afflicted, who were brought to Christ for
healing: some particular ones follow;
and those which were possessed with devils;
in body as well as in
mind; of which there were many instances, permitted by God on
purpose, that Christ might have an opportunity of showing his power
over those evil spirits.
And those which were lunatic;
either melancholy persons, or mad and
distracted men; that retired from the conversation of men, into
fields or desert places: or such, whose disorders were influenced by
the change of the moon; such as those who are troubled with the
falling sickness; so the Greeks F14 call such persons (selhniazo-)
(menouv) the word here used by the Evangelist.
And those that had the palsy.
These were each of them such
disorders, as were incurable by the art of medicine; or for which
rarely, and with great difficulty, any manner of relief could be
he healed them;
without any means, by a word speaking; which showed
him more than a man, and truly and properly God.
F13 T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 8. 1. 2. vid. Maimon. Hileb. Tumath Meth. c.
11. sect. 6.
F14 Vid. Fabricii Bibl. Graec. vol. 2. l. 3. c. 26. p. 656-658.