The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleNahum 2:12
The lion did tear in pieces enough for his whelps…
The metaphor is still continued; and the kings of Assyria are compared
to lions that hunt for their prey, and, having found it, tear it in
pieces, and carry home a sufficiency for their whelps. It is a notion
that is advanced by some writers, as Herodotus F16, that the lioness,
the strongest and boldest creature, brings forth but once in its life,
and then but one; which Gellius F17 confutes by the testimonies of
Homer and Aristotle; and it appears from the prophet here to be a false
one, as well as from (Ezekiel 19:2,3) thus the Assyrians made war on
other nations, and pillaged and plundered them, to enlarge their
dominions, provide for their posterity, and enrich their children:
and strangled for his lionesses;
that is, strangled other beasts,
as the lion first does, when it seizes a creature, and then tears it in
pieces, and brings it to the she lion in the den with its whelps. These
"lionesses" design the wives and concubines of the kings of Assyria,
among whom they parted the spoils of their neighbours. So the Targum,
``kings bring rapine to their wives, and a prey to their
that is, riches, which they have taken from others by force and rapine:
thus Cicero F18 observes of the kings of Persia and Syria, that they
had many wives, and gave cities to them after this manner; this city
for their headdress, this for the neck, and the other for the hair; the
expenses of them:
and filled his holes with prey, and his dens with ravine;
lion fills his dens and lurking holes with the prey he has seized and
ravened; so the kings of Assyria filled their palaces, treasures,
magazines, towers, cities, and towns, with the wealth and riches they
took by force from other nations; as the Targum,
``and they filled their treasuries with rapine, and their
palaces with spoil.''
F16 Thalia, sive l. 3. c. 108.
F17 Noctes Atticae, l. 13. c. 7.
F18 Orat. 8. in Verrem, l. 3. p. 509.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Nahum 2:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=na&chapter=002&verse=012>. 1999.