The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleNumbers 23:24
Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion…
rather, "as the lioness" F14, which, as Aelianus says F15, is the
strongest and most warlike beast, the most fierce and furious, as is
believed both by Greeks and Barbarians; and he mentions the heroism of
Perdiccas the Macedonian, and Semiramis the Assyrian, in engaging with
and killing, not the lion or leopard, but lioness:
and shall lift up himself as a young lion;
both phrases denoting the
courage and strength of the people of Israel, in attacking their enemies
and engaging them:
he shall not lie down;
being once roused up and engaged in war:
until he eat of the prey, and drink the blood of the slain;
as the lion
does when it has seized on a creature, tears it to pieces, eats its
flesh and drinks its blood: this may refer to the slaughter of the
Midianites that would be quickly made, and among the slain of whom
Balaam himself was, (Numbers 31:7,8) , and to the slaughter and conquest of
the Canaanites under Joshua, and taking their spoils.
F14 (ayblk) "ut leaena", V. L. Tigurine version.
F15 Var. Hist. l. 12. c. 39. Vid. Herodot. Thalia, sive, l. 3. c. 108.