The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleNumbers 25:3
And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor…
The name of an
idol; one of the Baals, Baal being a general name for an idol; and, to
distinguish this from other Baals or idols, it was called Peor, either
from its opening its mouth in prophecy, as Ainsworth; or from some
obscene posture and action used in the worship of it, being, as it is
by many thought to be, the same with Priapus; or rather from the
mountain Peor, where it was worshipped, as Jupiter is called Jupiter
Olympius, Capitolinus… from the mountains where he had a temple, or
was worshipped; or from the name of some great personage, called Lord
Peor, who was deified after his death; hence these Israelites are said
to "eat the sacrifices of the dead", (Psalms 106:28) . Mr. Bedford F20 takes
him to be Mizraim the son of Ham, the Osiris of the Egyptians, and the
Priapus of other Heathens: and Father Calmet F21 is of opinion that he
is the same with Orus, Osiris, and Adonis; and that Pe is only a
prepositive article, and that Or is the name, and no other than Orus;
but such a criticism the word will not bear: this idol, the chief god
of the Moabites, was, in all probability, the same with Chemosh, who is
expressly called the abomination of Moab, (1 Kings 11:7) of whom
(See Gill on 48:7) so Chemosh and Peor are thought to be the same
by our English poet F23: to him the Israelites joined themselves, forsook
the true God in a great measure, and were initiated into the rites of
this deity, and constantly attended the worship of it, and cleaved unto
it with their hearts and directions, and joined with their harlots in
all parts of service performed unto it; (See Gill on 9:10),
and the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel;
for no sin is
more provoking to God than idolatry, that being so directly opposite to
his nature, honour, and glory, as well as to his will and worship; and
hereby the end of Balaam and Balak was, in a great measure, answered,
and Balaam obtained that by his evil counsel which he could not by all
his conjuring; this was seen by the plague sent among them;
(See Gill on 24:14).
F20 Scripture Chronology, p. 267.
F21 Dictionary, on word "Baal".
F23 "Next Chemos, the obscene dread of Moab's sons,
Peor his other name, -----" Milton, B. 1. l. 406, 412.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=nu&chapter=025&verse=003>. 1999.