The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleNumbers 25:7
And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the
priest, saw it…
Saw the man pass by in this impudent manner, and
his whore with him; his spirit was stirred up, he was filled and fired
with zeal for the glory of God, and with an holy indignation against
the sin and sinner, and with a just concern for the honour of the
righteous law of God; and, to prevent others from falling into the same
sin, led by the public example of so great a personage, as it appears
afterwards this man was:
he rose up from among the congregation;
who were weeping at the door of
the tabernacle, or from the midst of the court of judicature, set for
trying and judging such persons who were charged with idolatry; for he
was not only the son of the high priest and his successor, but a ruler
over the Korahites, and had, besides his priestly office, a civil
authority, (1 Chronicles 9:20)
and took a javelin in his hand;
a spear or pike; the Jews say F25 he
snatched it out of the hand of Moses; and, according to Josephus F26,
it was a sword; but the word rather signifies an hand pike; this being
ready at hand, he took it up and pursued the criminal.
F25 Pirke Eliezer, c. 47. fol. 56. 1.
F26 Antiqu. l. 4. c. 6. sect. 12.