The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BiblePhilippians 3:2
Beware of dogs…
By whom are meant the "judaizing"
teachers, who were for imposing the works and ceremonies of the law
upon the Gentiles, as necessary to salvation; and they have the name
retorted on them they used to give to the Gentiles; see (Matthew 15:26,27) ;
nor should they think it too severe, since the Jews themselves say F16,
``the face of that generation (in which the Messiah shall
come) shall he, (blkh ynpk) , "as the face of a dog".''
The apostle calls them so, because they returned to Judaism, as the
dog to its vomit, (2 Peter 2:22) ; and because of the uncleanness in which
many of them lived, and the impudence they were guilty of in
transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ, and putting
themselves upon an equal foot with them; as also for their calumny
and detraction, their wrangling with the apostles, snarling at their
doctrines, and biting them with the devouring words of reproach and
scandal: likewise, they may be styled dogs for their covetousness,
being such greedy ones as in (Isaiah 56:10) , with feigned words making
merchandise of men; and for their love of their, bellies, which they
served, and not Christ, and made a god of, (Philippians 3:19) . Moreover,
because they were without, as dogs are, (Revelation 22:15) ; having gone out
from the communion of the saints, because they were not of them; or
if among them, yet not true members of Christ, nor of his mystical
body; all which are so many arguments why the saints should beware
of them, and why their persons, conversation, and doctrine should be
Beware of evil workers:
meaning the same persons, who were deceitful
workers, did the work of the Lord unfaithfully, walked in craftiness,
and handled the word of God deceitfully, endeavoured to subvert the
Gospel of Christ, and the faith of men in it; who worked from bad
principles, and with evil views; and notwithstanding their large
pretensions to good works, teaching that justification and salvation
were by them, which notion the apostle tacitly refers to in this
character; yet were of bad a character, and such as Christ will reject
another day as workers of iniquity; a character they deservedly bear,
if there was no other reason for it than their preaching the doctrine
of salvation by men's own works of righteousness, and who, and their
ministry, are by all means to be shunned.
Beware of the concision;
the men of the circumcision, as the Arabic
version renders it; they chose to be called so, but the apostle
would not give them that name, but calls them the "concision"; or
"the concision of the flesh", as the Syriac version renders it;
referring either to the cuttings in the flesh, forbidden (Leviticus 21:5) ;
or to the circumcision of the flesh rather, which they valued
themselves upon, and were for introducing among the Gentiles,
whereby they made sad divisions, and cutting work among the
churches; and were some of them at least "cut" off, as the Ethiopic
version renders it, from the churches; and who, as much as in them
lay, cut themselves off from Christ, and rendered him unprofitable
to them; see (Galatians 5:2,4) .
F16 Misn. Sota, c. 9. sect. 15.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Philippians 3:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=php&chapter=003&verse=002>. 1999.