The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleProverbs 6:1
My son, if thou be surety for thy friend…
hast engaged thyself by promise or bond, or both, to pay a debt for
him, if he is not able, or if required; or hast laid thyself under
obligation to any, to see the debt of another paid;
[if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger;
or "to" him F2; whom
thou knowest not, and to whom thou owest nothing; and hast given him
thine hand upon it, as well as thy word and bond, that what such an one
owes him shall be paid; a gesture used in suretyship for the
confirmation of it, (Proverbs 17:18) (22:26) ; or, "for a stranger" F3 And the
sense is, either if thou art become bound for a friend of thine, and
especially if for a stranger thou knowest little or nothing of, this is
a piece of rashness and weakness; or, as Gersom, if thou art a surety
to thy friend for a stranger, this also is a great inadvertency and
oversight. It is a rash and inconsiderate entering into suretyship that
is here cautioned against; doing it without inquiring into, and having
sufficient knowledge of the person engaged for; and without considering
whether able to answer the obligation, if required, without hurting a
man's self and family; otherwise suretyship may lawfully be entered
into, and good be done by it, and no hurt to the surety himself and
family. Jarchi interprets it of the Israelites engaging themselves to
the Lord at Sinai, to keep his commandments.
F2 (rzl) "extraneo", Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius,
Piscator, Baynus, Mercerus, Gejerus, Cocceius, Schultens.
F3 "Pro alieno", Tigurine version; "pro alio peregrino", Michaelis.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 6:1". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=pr&chapter=006&verse=001>. 1999.