The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleProverbs 23:5
Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not?
Vulgate Latin version is,
``do not lift up thine eyes to riches which thou canst not
riches no doubt are intended, and which may be said to be "not"; they
are not the true riches, have only the shadow and appearance of riches;
they are not lasting and durable; in a little time they will not be;
they are perishing things, they have no substance or solidity in them;
they are not satisfying; they do not make them happy; they are rather
nonentities than realities; and therefore the eyes of the mind and the
affections of the heart should not be set on them: it may be rendered,
"wilt thou cause thine eyes to fly upon that which is not?" F23
denoting the intenseness of the mind, and the eagerness of the
affections, and with what rapidity and force they move towards them.
The Targum is,
``if thou fixest thine eyes on him, he shall not appear to
meaning the rich man: and so the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic
versions. Ben Melech makes mention of other senses very different;
according to R. Judah, the word signifies darkness, "wilt thou make
thine eyes dark?" two according to others, signifies light, "wilt thou
make thine eyes to shine?" and, according to Jarchi, "wilt thou
double?", or shut thine eyes?
for [riches] certainly make themselves wings;
or, "it in making makes
itself wings" F24; even that which is not, on which men cause their
eyes to fly; no sooner are their eyes upon that, but that flies away
from them like a bird with wings; see (Hosea 9:11) . Either men are taken
from that, or that from them, and sometimes very swiftly and suddenly;
they fly away as an eagle towards heaven;
the eagle flies very swiftly,
none more swiftly; it flies towards heaven, out of sight, and out of
reach, and out of call; so riches flee away to God, the original giver
of them, from whence they came, and who is the sole disposer of them;
they own him as the proprietor and distributor of them; and they flee
to heaven as it were for fresh orders where they should be, and into
whose hands they should come next; they flee away, so as not to be seen
any more, and be recovered by those who have formerly enjoyed them.
F23 (Pyeth) "numquid involare facies", Michaelis; "ut involent",
Junius & Tremellius; "ut volent", Piscator; "ad sineves volare",
F24 (hvey hve yk) "quis faciendo faciet", Montanus, Baynus.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 23:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=pr&chapter=023&verse=005>. 1999.